Levofloxacin in Preventing Infection in Young Patients With Acute Leukemia Receiving Chemotherapy or Undergoing Stem Cell Transplantation
Basic Trial Information
This randomized phase III trial studies how well levofloxacin works in preventing infection in young patients with acute leukemia receiving chemotherapy or undergoing stem cell transplant. Giving antibiotics may be effective in preventing or controlling early infection in patients receiving chemotherapy or undergoing stem cell transplant for acute leukemia. It is not yet known whether levofloxacin is effective in preventing infection.
Further Study Information
I. To determine whether levofloxacin given prophylactically during periods of neutropenia to patients being treated with chemotherapy for acute leukemia (AL) or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) will decrease the incidence of bacteremia.
I. To determine the effect of prophylactic levofloxacin on resistance patterns of bacterial isolates from all sterile site cultures, and the evolution of antimicrobial resistance from peri-rectal swab isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Streptococcus mitis.
II. To determine the effect of levofloxacin prophylaxis on total number of days of antibiotic administration (prophylactic, empiric, and treatment) in children undergoing therapy for AL or HSCT.
III. To determine whether levofloxacin prophylaxis reduces the incidence of fever with neutropenia, severe infection, and death from bacterial infection.
IV. To assess the safety of levofloxacin prophylaxis, with specific attention to musculoskeletal disorders including tendinopathy and tendon rupture.
V. To assess the impact of prophylactic levofloxacin on the incidence of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD), and the incidence of microbiologically documented invasive fungal infections (IFI).
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive levofloxacin orally (PO) or intravenously (IV) over 60-90 minutes once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID) beginning on day 3 during 2 consecutive courses of chemotherapy or beginning on day -2 during HSCT and continuing until blood counts recover.
ARM II: Patients receive established standard of care and receive chemotherapy or HSCT as patients in Arm I.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up for 1 year.
Patient must fit 1 of the following 2 categories:
*** De novo, relapsed or secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML), or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage treated with standard AML therapy
*** Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
*** For the purposes of this study, “intensive chemotherapy” is defined as regimens that are predicted by the local investigator to cause neutropenia for > 7 days; examples include, but are not limited to, treatment with “4-drug induction” (anthracycline, vincristine, asparaginase, and steroid), high dose cytarabine, anthracycline/cytarabine, ifosfamide/etoposide, and clofarabine-containing regimens
Stem cell transplantation patients
Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
0.5 mg/dL (6 months to < 1 year of age)
0.6 mg/dL (1 to < 2 years of age)
0.8 mg/dL (2 to < 6 years of age)
1.0 mg/dL (6 to < 10 years of age)
1.2 mg/dL (10 to < 13 years of age)
1.5 mg/dL (male)/1.4 mg/dL (female) (13 to < 16 years of age)
1.7 mg/dL (male)/1.4 mg/dL (female) (>= 16 years of age)
Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Patients previously enrolled on the trial are not eligible; therefore, patients with AL who were on study during intensive chemotherapy are not eligible to be enrolled during the HSCT
Patients with an allergy to quinolones
Patients with chronic active arthritis
Patients with a known pathologic prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc)
Females who are pregnant or breast feeding
Patients being treated with antibacterial agents, other than any of the following:
Cotrimoxazole or other agents including dapsone, atovaquone, and pentamidine administered for Pneumocystitis jiroveci (PCP) prophylaxis
Central venous catheter antibiotic lock therapy
Note: prophylactic antifungal therapy is NOT an exclusion criterion
Patients currently enrolled on the ACCL1034 study are not eligible until they have completed the 90 day observation period of that study
Trial Contact Information
Trial Lead Organizations / Sponsors / Collaborators
Childrens Oncology Group
Sarah Weeks Alexander, Principal Investigator
Nina Singh Kadan-Lottick
Nina Singh Kadan-Lottick
Nevada Cancer Research Foundation CCOP
University of New Mexico Cancer Center
Koh B. Boayue
Koh B. Boayue
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Note: Information about participating sites on pharmaceutical industry trials may be incomplete. Please visit the ClinicalTrials.gov record via the link above for more information about participating sites.