Biomarker-Guided Fluorouracil in Treating Patients With Colorectal Cancer Receiving Combination Chemotherapy

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase ITreatmentClosedNot specifiedNCI, OtherLCCC 0918
P30CA016086, CDR0000681338, UNC-LCCC-0918, NCT01164215

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug, combination chemotherapy, may kill more tumor cells. Studying samples of blood in the laboratory from patients with cancer receiving fluorouracil in combination with oxaliplatin and leucovorin calcium may help doctors learn how fluorouracil works in the body and how patients will respond to treatment.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying biomarker-guided fluorouracil in treating patients with colorectal cancer receiving combination chemotherapy.

Further Study Information



  • To determine whether 4 courses of pharmacokinetic (PK)-guided 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy improves the ability to achieve a targeted area under the curve (20 to 25 mg*hr/L) in patients with colorectal cancer receiving mFOLFOX6 chemotherapy as compared to historical non-PK-guided therapy in patients treated with a similar FOLFOX regimen.


  • To determine and compare the incidence of neutropenia and diarrhea in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

  • Standard mFOLFOX6 (course 1): Patients receive fluorouracil IV bolus over 1-5 minutes followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1.

Patients undergo plasma sample collection periodically during study for pharmacokinetic (PK)-guided fluorouracil dose determination for courses 2-4.

  • PK-guided mFOLFOX6 (courses 2-4): Patients receive fluorouracil bolus, oxaliplatin, and leucovorin calcium as in course 1. Patients also receive fluorouracil* IV continuously as determined by the PK-guided analysis.

NOTE: *The continuous infusion fluorouracil dose adjustment is calculated based on the results of PK plasma concentrations and the corresponding AUC from the preceding course.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically confirmed colorectal cancer
  • Patients scheduled to receive mFOLFOX6 (in the adjuvant setting or for metastatic disease) as part of their chemotherapy regimen


  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy > 6 months
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN (≤ 5 times ULN in the presence of liver metastases)
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • No serious concomitant systemic disorders, including active infection that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the patient's safety or ability to complete the study
  • No altered mental status precluding understanding of the informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary studies
  • Must be able to follow protocol requirements and give informed consent


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Concurrent bevacizumab allowed
  • No concurrent warfarin (Coumadin®)
  • Concurrent enoxaparin (Lovenox®) allowed
  • No concurrent theophylline or aminophylline
  • No chocolate beginning 12 hours before day 1 of each course and through the end of that course's fluorouracil continuous IV

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

  • National Cancer Institute
Christine M. Walko, Principal Investigator

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT01164215 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to