Combination Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Children With Newly Diagnosed Neuroblastoma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted30 and under at original diagnosisNCI, OtherANBL00P1
COG-ANBL00P1, CDR0000068681, NCT00017368

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating children who have newly diagnosed neuroblastoma.

Further Study Information


  • Determine the toxicity and feasibility of high-dose thiotepa and cyclophosphamide with autologous peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation and sargramostim (GM-CSF) followed by high-dose carboplatin, etoposide, and melphalan with second PBSC transplantation, GM-CSF, and isotretinoin after induction in children with newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma.
  • Determine the role of the meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan in assessing response to tandem transplantation and minimal residual disease therapy in these patients.
  • Determine the feasibility of quantitative polymerase chain reaction for neuroblastoma-specific ribonucleic acids at specific stages of treatment as a prognostic indicator of outcome in these patients.
  • Determine the immune recovery by quantitation of lymphocyte subsets in these patients and limited functional analysis after completion of this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) selection (selected PBSCs vs unselected PBSCs). (Selected PBSC stratum closed to accrual as of 7/17/02.)

  • Induction/harvest:
  • Course 1: Patients receive etoposide (VP-16) IV over 1 hour on days 2-4, cisplatin IV over 6 hours (beginning after VP-16 infusion) on days 1-5, and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) beginning on day 6 and continuing until blood counts recover.
  • Course 2: Patients receive vincristine IV and doxorubicin IV over 15 minutes on day 1, cyclophosphamide IV over 6 hours on days 1 and 2, and sargramostim (GM-CSF) SC beginning on day 3 and continuing until PBSC are harvested. Beginning after completion of course 2 and when blood counts recover, autologous PBSC are harvested.
  • Course 3: Patients receive VP-16 IV over 1 hour and ifosfamide IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 and G-CSF SC beginning on day 6 and continuing until blood counts recover.
  • Course 4: Patients receive VP-16 IV over 1 hour on days 1-3, carboplatin IV over 2 hours (beginning after VP-16 infusion) on days 1 and 2, and G-CSF SC beginning on day 4 and continuing until blood counts recover.
  • Course 5: Patients receive treatment as in course 2 but supported by G-CSF. Courses 1-5 each last 3-4 weeks. Patients undergo resection of the primary tumor after course 4 or 5 unless primary resection was completed at diagnosis (which is not recommended), no primary site is found, or the primary site is unresectable. Patients complete courses 1-5 and then proceed to the first conditioning/PBSC transplantation (PBSCT) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • First conditioning/PBSCT: Patients receive high-dose thiotepa IV on days -7 to -5 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -2. CD34+ PBSC are reinfused on day 0. GM-CSF is administered SC beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. If blood counts have not recovered by day 28, unselected PBSC are reinfused. In the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, patients proceed to the second conditioning/PBSCT.
  • Second conditioning/PBSCT: Beginning within 6-8 weeks after initiating the first conditioning, patients receive high-dose carboplatin IV continuously and etoposide phosphate IV continuously on days -7 to -4 and melphalan IV on days -7 to -5. PBSC and GM-CSF are administered as in the first PBSCT.

Beginning no earlier than day 28 after the second PBSCT, patients undergo local radiotherapy to the primary site and sites that are positive by meta-iodobenzylguanidine scan after induction twice a day for 7 days (or once a day for 12 days if twice daily dosing is not possible). Beginning on day 90 after the second PBSCT, patients receive oral isotretinoin twice a day for 2 weeks. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 31-39 patients will be accrued for this study within 22 months.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma
  • Histologically proven AND/OR
  • Bone marrow specimen showing clumps of tumor cells accompanied by elevated urinary catecholamines
  • Age 1-30:
  • Must meet one of the following INSS staging criteria:
  • Stage IV regardless of biologic factors
  • Stage IIa/IIb with MYCN oncogene amplification (greater than 10) and unfavorable pathology
  • Stage III with MYCN oncogene amplification (greater than 10) or unfavorable pathology
  • Initially stage I, II, or IVS, that has progressed without interval chemotherapy
  • Under age 1:
  • INSS stage III, IV, or IVS with MYCN amplification (greater than 10)
  • Must enter neuroblastoma biology study COG-ANBL00B1 within 2 weeks of diagnosis and before entry on this study



  • 30 and under at original diagnosis

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No more than 1 prior course of chemotherapy on the intergroup low- or intermediate-risk neuroblastoma studies prior to determination of MYCN status and Shimada histology

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • Prior emergent radiotherapy to sites of function- or life-threatening neuroblastoma allowed


  • Not specified


  • No other prior systemic therapy for neuroblastoma

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
Stephan A. Grupp, Study Chair

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00017368 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to