Imatinib Mesylate or Observation Only in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Localized Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentClosed18 and overOtherEORTC-62024
ISG-62024, FRE-FNCLCC-EORTC-62024, GEIS-EORTC-62024, 2004-001810-16, EUDRACT-2004-001810-16, NCT00103168

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Imatinib mesylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving imatinib mesylate after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells. It is not yet known whether imatinib mesylate is more effective than observation only in treating gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying imatinib mesylate to see how well it works compared to observation only in treating patients who have undergone surgery for localized gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Further Study Information



  • Compare imatinib monotherapy failure free survival of patients in the two regimens.


  • Compare relapse-free survival,relapse-free interval and overall survival in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Determine the safety of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, risk category (high vs intermediate), tumor site (gastric vs other), and resection level (R0 vs R1). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive adjuvant oral imatinib mesylate once daily for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients are observed (without receiving further antitumoral therapy) every 3 months for 2 years.

After completion of study treatment, patients in arm I are followed every 3 months for 2 years. All patients are then followed every 4 months for 3 years and at least annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 750 patients will be accrued for this study within 5 years.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically confirmed gastrointestinal stromal tumor
  • Localized disease
  • Meets 1 of the following criteria:
  • At high-risk of relapse, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • Tumor size > 10 cm
  • Mitotic rate > 10/50 high-power field (HPF)
  • Tumor size > 5 cm AND mitotic rate > 5/50 HPF
  • At intermediate-risk of relapse, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • Tumor size < 5 cm AND mitotic rate 6-10/50 HPF
  • Tumor size 5-10 cm AND mitotic rate < 5/50 HPF
  • Tumor must stain positive for Kit (CD117) by polyclonal DAKO antibody staining
  • Must have undergone complete resection of the primary tumor at least 2 weeks, but no more than 3 months, before study entry
  • Meets criteria for 1 of the following resection levels:
  • R0 (clear margins)
  • R1, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • Margins of resection are contaminated by tumor, but no macroscopic tumor is left behind
  • Intraoperative tumor rupture
  • Shelling-out procedure
  • Endoscopic maneuver
  • No residual macroscopic disease after surgery
  • Regional positive lymph nodes allowed provided they have been macroscopically excised
  • No distant metastases*, including any of the following:
  • Peritoneal lesion not contiguous to the primary tumor
  • Liver metastases
  • Hemoperitoneal metastases NOTE: *Even if a complete resection (R0) was performed



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (transfusions allowed)


  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • No uncontrolled liver disease
  • No chronic viral hepatitis at risk of reactivation


  • Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN
  • No uncontrolled chronic renal disease


  • No New York Heart Association class III-IV cardiac disease
  • No congestive heart failure
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 2 months


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for up to 3 months after study participation
  • No uncontrolled diabetes
  • No uncontrolled active infection
  • No HIV infection
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance or participation
  • No other severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix


Biologic therapy

  • No other prior molecular targeted or biologic therapy
  • No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF) to support blood counts
  • No concurrent anticancer biologic agents


  • No prior chemotherapy for gastrointestinal stromal tumors
  • No concurrent anticancer chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent anticancer radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior non-curative surgery allowed (e.g., surgery with main diagnostic intent or emergency surgery with symptomatic intent)


  • No prior imatinib mesylate
  • No prior randomization to this study
  • No concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation with coumarin derivatives
  • Concurrent therapeutic low-molecular weight heparin or mini-dose coumarin derivatives (equivalent to oral warfarin 1 mg/day) allowed for prophylaxis of central venous catheter thrombosis
  • No other concurrent antitumoral therapy
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer

  • Italian Sarcoma Group
  • Federation Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer
  • Grupo Espanol de Investigacion en Sarcomas
Paolo G. Casali, Study Chair
Axel Le Cesne, MD, Study Chair
Andres Poveda, Study Chair

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00103168 processed this data on February 27, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to