Abiraterone Acetate in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Previously Treated With Docetaxel-Based Chemotherapy

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentCompleted18 and overPharmaceutical / IndustryCR016924
COU-AA-301, NCT00638690

Trial Description


This is a phase 3 study to compare the clinical benefit of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone with placebo plus prednisone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who have failed one or two chemotherapy regimens. At least one of the previous chemotherapies must have contained docetaxel.

Further Study Information

Abiraterone acetate is a steroidal irreversible inhibitor of CYP17 (17α hydroxylase/C17, 20-lyase), blocking 2 important enzymatic activities in the synthesis of testosterone. The goal of this study is to compare the clinical benefit of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone with placebo plus prednisone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who have failed one or two chemotherapy regimens, one of which contains docetaxel. All patients involved in the study will be randomized (assigned by chance) into one of two arms and will not know what study drug is being given to them. Study drug randomization allocation will be 2:1 (abiraterone acetate: placebo). The study will be conducted in the United States, Canada, Australia, and the EU. The study will consist of screening, treatment, and follow-up. In this study, patients will receive study treatment (abiraterone acetate or placebo) plus prednisone until progression of clinical disease. Follow-up will continue until patient dies, is lost to follow-up, or withdraws informed consent. After providing written informed consent, patients will have screening procedures completed to determine eligibility. Safety evaluations at the screening procedure will include a physical examination, vital signs, and clinical blood laboratory tests, ECG, radiographs, urine tests, and recording of any adverse events including details of current prostate cancer symptoms. Patients will be asked to use a method of birth control with adequate barrier protection as determined to be acceptable by the principal investigator and sponsor during the study and for 13 weeks after last study drug administration.

Study medication, abiraterone acetate,is an oral (by mouth) medication to be administered as four (4) 250mg abiraterone acetate tablets or 4 placebo tablets to be taken at least one hour before or two hours after a meal anytime up to 10PM everyday. Prednisone will be administered as 5mg orally twice a day for both groups. Each cycle will be 28 days. Study treatment will continue until disease progression as determined by investigator or when the patient meets criteria for withdrawal from study.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Progression after one or two prior cytotoxic chemotherapies
  • At least one chemotherapy must have contained docetaxel
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status <= 2
  • Medical or surgical castration with testosterone < 50 ng/dL
  • Adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function
  • Potassium >= 3.5 mmol/L
  • Able to swallow the study drug whole as a tablet
  • Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • More than two prior cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens
  • Prior Ketoconazole for prostate cancer
  • Prior abiraterone acetate or other CYP17 inhibitor or investigational agents targeting the androgen receptor for prostate cancer
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Active or symptomatic viral hepatitis or chronic liver disease
  • History of pituitary or adrenal dysfunction
  • Clinically significant heart disease
  • Other malignancy
  • Known brain metastasis
  • GI disorder affecting absorption
  • Not willing to use contraception

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Cougar Biotechnology, Incorporated

    Cougar Biotechnology, Inc Clinical Trial, Study Director

    Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
    NLM Identifier NCT00638690
    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 12, 2014

    Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.