Radiation Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentCompleted18 and overNCI, OtherRTOG-9402
CDR0000063603, CAN-NCIC-CE2, E-R9402, NCCTG-927252, SWOG-9402, INT-0149, CE2, NCT00002569

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy in treating patients who have anaplastic oligodendroglioma.

Further Study Information


  • Compare the overall survival and time to tumor progression in patients with unifocal or multifocal, supratentorial, pure or mixed anaplastic oligodendroglioma treated with radiotherapy with or without procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV).
  • Compare the toxic effects of these 2 regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the quality of life and neurologic function of patients treated with these 2 regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by age (under 50 vs 50 and over), Karnofsky performance status (60-70% vs 80-100%), and tumor grade (moderately vs highly anaplastic). Within 8 weeks after diagnostic surgery, patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Within 2 weeks after randomization, patients receive oral lomustine on day 1, oral procarbazine on days 8-21, and vincristine IV on days 8 and 29 (PCV). Treatment continues every 6 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning within 6 weeks after day 29 of course 4, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5.6 weeks followed by boost radiotherapy 5 days a week for 1 week.
  • Arm II: Within 2 weeks after randomization, patients undergo radiotherapy as in arm I.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline; at time of CT or MRI scans during study; and every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter after completion of study therapy.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 292 patients (146 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 5.4 years.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically proven unifocal or multifocal, supratentorial, pure or mixed anaplastic oligodendroglioma
  • Prior suspected or proven low-grade glioma allowed if current histologic proof of pure or mixed anaplastic oligodendroglioma
  • Tumor must contain an unequivocal (at least 25%) oligodendroglial element and have 2 or more anaplastic features, 1 of which must be frequent mitoses or endothelial proliferation
  • For mixed tumors, the non-oligodendroglial element must be astrocytic and the oligodendroglial or astroglial component may be anaplastic
  • No evidence of spinal drop metastasis or spread to noncontiguous meninges
  • MRI of spine not required for asymptomatic patients and patients not excluded based on pathologic evidence of local meningeal infiltration by underlying tumor
  • No tumor that is predominantly located in the posterior fossa (i.e., brainstem or cerebellum)
  • No spinal cord tumors



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 150,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal
  • Serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) no greater than 2 times normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times normal


  • No chronic lung disease unless diffusion capacity of lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is at least 60% predicted


  • No active infection
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent steroids as antiemetics
  • Concurrent steroids allowed to control central nervous system (CNS) symptoms due to tumor-associated or radiotherapy-associated cerebral edema


  • No prior radiotherapy to brain or head/neck


  • Prior surgery allowed

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
  • North Central Cancer Treatment Group
  • Southwest Oncology Group
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  • NCIC-Clinical Trials Group
J. Gregory Cairncross, Study Chair
Steven R. Alberts, Study Chair
Karen L. Fink, Study Chair
Richard M. Hellman, Study Chair
Normand Laperriere, Study Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT00002569
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.