Irinotecan Hydrochloride and Temozolomide with Temsirolimus or Dinutuximab in Treating Younger Patients with Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeAgeTrial IDs
Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentChildrenANBL1221
NCI-2012-03125, CDR0000745188, COG-ANBL1221, PANBL1221_A08PAMDREVW01, NCT01767194

Trial Description


TRIAL STATUS: Temporarily closed

This randomized phase II trial studies how well irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide with temsirolimus or dinutuximab work in treating younger patients with neuroblastoma that has returned or does not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as dinutuximab, may find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether giving irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide together with temsirolimus or dinutuximab is more effective in treating neuroblastoma.

Further Study Information


I. To identify whether temsirolimus or ch14.18 (dinutuximab) is the optimal therapeutic agent to consider for further testing in a future Phase III randomized trial for treatment of newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma.


I. To compare the response rates (RR) for patients receiving temsirolimus or ch14.18 in combination with irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride) and temozolomide.

II. To compare the progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates for patients receiving temsirolimus or ch14.18 in combination with irinotecan and temozolomide.

III. To compare the toxicities associated with temsirolimus or ch14.18 when combined with irinotecan and temozolomide in patients with refractory, relapsed or progressive neuroblastoma.

IV. To compare the ability to maintain intended dose intensity of all agents when temsirolimus or ch14.18 is combined with irinotecan and temozolomide in patients with refractory, relapsed or progressive neuroblastoma.

V. To determine the concordance between tumor responses as defined by standard International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) versus response per the revised INRC.

VI. To study the clinical relevance of naturally occurring anti-glycan antibodies in patients receiving ch14.18 antibody.

VII. To study the clinical relevance of natural killer (NK) receptor natural cytotoxicity triggering receptor 3 (NKp30) isoforms in patients receiving ch14.18 antibody or temsirolimus.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive temozolomide orally (PO) on days 1-5, irinotecan hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on days 1-5, and temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8.

ARM II: Patients receive temozolomide and irinotecan hydrochloride as in Arm I, dinutuximab IV over 10-20 hours on days 2-5 and sargramostim subcutaneously (SC) or IV over 2 hours on days 6-12.

In both arms, treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 17 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must have had histologic verification of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma or demonstration of neuroblastoma cells in the bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN]), at the time of initial diagnosis

For the purposes of this study, aggressive multidrug chemotherapy is defined as chemotherapy including 2 or more agents that must include an alkylating agent and a platinum-containing compound; patients must have ONE of the following:

First episode of recurrent disease following completion of aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy

First episode of progressive disease during aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy

Primary resistant/refractory disease detected at the conclusion of at least 4 cycles of aggressive multidrug induction chemotherapy on or according to a high-risk neuroblastoma protocol (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, etc.)

Patients must have at least ONE of the following:

Measurable tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan obtained within 3 weeks prior to study entry; measurable is defined as >= 10 mm in at least one dimension on spiral/helical CT that is metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) avid or demonstrates increased fludeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) scan

MIBG scan obtained within 3 weeks prior to study entry with positive uptake at a minimum of one site; this site must represent disease recurrence after completion of therapy, progressive disease on therapy, or refractory disease during induction

Patients with resistant/refractory soft tissue disease that is not MIBG avid or does not demonstrate increased FDG uptake on PET scan must undergo biopsy to document the presence of viable neuroblastoma; biopsy is not required for patients who have new site of soft tissue disease (radiographic evidence of disease progression) regardless of whether progression occurs while receiving therapy or after completion of therapy

Note: Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x ULN) only or bone marrow disease only are NOT eligible for this study

Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age

Patients must have received frontline therapy (including surgery, chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplant [SCT] +/- MIBG, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, and retinoids) but may NOT have received second line chemotherapy for resistant/refractory, relapsed disease or progressive disease

At least 14 days must have elapsed since completion of myelosuppressive therapy

At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a non-myelosuppressive biologic agent or retinoid

No interim time prior to study entry is required following prior radiation therapy (RT) for non-target lesions; however, patients must not have received radiation for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to study entry at the site of any lesion that will be identified as a target lesion to measure tumor response; lesions that have been previously radiated cannot be used as target lesions unless there is radiographic evidence of progression at the site following radiation or a biopsy done following radiation shows viable neuroblastoma; palliative radiation is allowed to sites that will not be used to measure response during this study

Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after autologous stem cell transplants or stem cell infusions as long as hematologic and other eligibility criteria have been met

Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after therapeutic 131I-MIBG provided that all other eligibility criteria are met

Subjects who have previously received anti-disialoganglioside (GD2) monoclonal antibodies for biologic therapy or for tumor imaging are eligible unless they have had progressive disease while receiving prior anti-GD2 therapy; subjects who have received autologous marrow infusions or autologous stem cell infusions that were purged using monoclonal antibody linked to beads, but no other form of anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody, are eligible

Patients must not have received long-acting myeloid growth factors (e.g., Neulasta) within 14 days of entry on this study; seven days must have elapsed since administration of a short acting myeloid growth factor

Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL

Platelet count >= 75,000/uL (transfusion independent)

Patients known to have bone marrow involvement with neuroblastoma are eligible provided that minimum ANC and platelet count criteria are met but are not evaluable for hematological toxicity

Creatinine clearance or estimated radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or

A serum creatinine =< upper limit of normal (ULN) based on age/gender as follows:

Age 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 for males, 0.4 for females

Age 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 for males, 0.5 for females

Age 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 for males, 0.6 for females

Age 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 for males, 0.8 for females

Age 6 to < 10 years: 1 for males, 1 for females

Age 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 for males, 1.2 for females

Age 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 for males, 1.4 for females

Age >= 16 years: 1.7 for males, 1.4 for females

Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN for age AND

Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5.0 x ULN for age (=< 225 U/L); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L

Adequate central nervous system function defined as:

Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) disease must have no clinical or radiological evidence of CNS disease at the time of study enrollment

Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anticonvulsants

CNS toxicity =< grade 2

Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram (ECHO) OR

Ejection fraction >= 50% by ECHO or gated radionuclide study

Adequate coagulation defined as:

Prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.2 x upper limit of normal

Serum lipids within acceptable range:

Serum triglyceride level =< 300 mg/dL and serum cholesterol level =< 300 mg/dL; If non-fasting values exceed these levels, lipid testing should be repeated in the fasting state

Adequate pulmonary function defined as:

No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, no chronic oxygen requirement, and room air pulse oximetry > 94% if there is a clinical indication for pulse oximetry; normal pulmonary function tests in patients who are capable of cooperating with testing (including diffusion capacity of the lung of carbon monoxide [DLCO]) are required if there is a clinical indication for determination; for patients who do not have respiratory symptoms, full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required

Exclusion Criteria:

Men and women of childbearing potential and their partners must agree to use adequate contraception while enrolled on this study; based on the established teratogenic potential of alkylating agents and temsirolimus, pregnant women will be excluded from this study; because of potential risks to breastfed infants due to drug metabolites that could be excreted in breast milk, female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breastfeeding or will otherwise be excluded from this study; females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test to be eligible for this study

Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x ULN) only or bone marrow disease only are NOT eligible for this study

Patients must have been off pharmacologic doses of systemic steroids for at least 7 days prior to enrollment; patients who require or are likely to require pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids while receiving treatment on this study are ineligible; the only exception is for patients known to require 2 mg/kg or less of hydrocortisone (or an equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) as premedication for blood product administration in order to avoid allergic transfusion reactions; the use of conventional doses of inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma is permitted, as is the use of physiologic doses of steroids for patients with known adrenal insufficiency

Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid, or carbamazepine for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants such as gabapentin or levetiracetam will be eligible

Patients must not have been diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome or with any malignancy other than neuroblastoma

Patients with symptoms of congestive heart failure are not eligible

Patients must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea

Patients must not have uncontrolled infection

Patients who have received prior therapy with an mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy are not eligible

Patients with a history of significant allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to temsirolimus are not eligible

Patients with a history of grade 4 allergic reactions to anti-GD2 antibodies or reactions that required discontinuation of the anti-GD2 therapy are not eligible

Patients with a significant intercurrent illness (any ongoing serious medical problem unrelated to cancer or its treatment) that is not covered by the detailed exclusion criteria and that is expected to interfere with the action of study agents or to significantly increase the severity of the toxicities experienced from study treatment are not eligible

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations / Sponsors / Collaborators

National Cancer Institute

  • National Cancer Institute
Rajen Mody, Principal Investigator

Trial Sites


Las Vegas

Nevada Cancer Research Foundation CCOP

Jonathan Bernstein
Ph: 702-384-0013

Jonathan Bernstein
Principal Investigator

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifer NCT01767194

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