NCI Cancer Bulletin: A Trusted Source for Cancer Research News
NCI Cancer Bulletin: A Trusted Source for Cancer Research News
March 15, 2005 • Volume 2 / Number 11 E-Mail This Document  |  Download PDF  |  Bulletin Archive/Search  |  Subscribe

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History of the Cancer Center Program
"The National Cancer Institute should closely study the use of cancer research centers for it is here that many impressive research findings are being and will be uncovered. It is also here that the effectiveness of these findings can be proved."
- The National Cancer Act of 1971 (P.L. 92-218)
1960
 

1961 - NIH establishes the Clinical Research Facilities Grant to construct new facilities designed exclusively for cancer research.

1963 - The first cancer center core grant is awarded to the Institute for Cancer Research (now part of Fox Chase Cancer Center). NCI funds a total of 12 Cancer Centers.

1968 - The House Appropriations Committee suggests that geographic distribution should be considered in establishing Cancer Centers.

NCI begins providing grants to cancer-focused interdisciplinary centers that had already been created with state or private funds 1960 - NCI begins providing grants to cancer-focused interdisciplinary centers that had already been created with state or private funds, upon the recommendation of the NIH Task Force on Categorical Research Centers.
 

1971 - President Nixon signs the National Cancer Act, authorizing $1.5 billion for a National Cancer Program and the establishment of 15 new NCI-designated Cancer Centers.

President Nixon signs the National Cancer Act

1973 - Eight NCI-designated Cancer Centers are recognized as "comprehensive," according to criteria established by the National Cancer Advisory Board (NCAB).

1975 - The Senate endorses the establishment of 30 to 35 NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers to permit an estimated 80 percent of the U.S.population access within a reasonable driving distance.

1978 - National Cancer Act reauthorization urges the centers to engage in public information programs.

 
1985 - The Health Research Extension Act removes annual limitations on funding for NCI-designated Cancer Centers and extends the support period from 3 years to 5 years.1989 - At the request of Congress, the Institute of Medicine conducts an evaluation of the Cancer Centers Program and makes recommendations for increased funding, organizational relocation, and new program directions.
 

1990 - New Guidelines are issued defining the concept and eight criteria for NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers.

1992 - NCI-designated Cancer Centers become "institutional," integrating research programs across organizational boundaries and consolidating multiple NCI support grants into one center grant.

1991 - The first request for applications is issued for the P20 Planning Grant Program to develop Cancer Centers of Excellence in underdeveloped areas of the country. Twelve are ultimately funded in the first round of applications.

1996 - The final report of the Cancer Centers Program Review Group is released, with recommendations for changes in review and program administration.

 

2003 - The Report of the Ad Hoc P30/P50 Working Group of the NCAB is released, with recommendations for positioning Center and SPORE award mechanisms to support new opportunities in research discovery, development, and delivery.

2004 - An NCI-designated Cancer Center Directors Retreat is held in Bethesda, Md., with dialogue between NCI leadership and the Cancer Center directors on goals, strategies for their accomplishment, and new guidelines based on the Working Group Report.
2005