Dr. Deirdre Lawrence, an epidemiologist in NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, has been selected as a Mansfield Fellow by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation. The Foundation was created in 1983 to promote understanding and cooperation among the nations of Asia and the United States.
The Mansfield Fellowship is awarded annually to up to 10 U.S. government employees, who spend a year working full time in a Japanese government office, after a year of intensive Japanese language and area studies. Since the Fellowship was established, 70 Fellows from 20 different agencies and departments have gone through the program.
Dr. Lawrence is the first Mansfield Fellow to come from NIH. She will focus on Japan's procedures in health policy - especially cancer control policies - and hopes to explore Japan's efforts to reduce tobacco use and address other lifestyle factors associated with cancer.
DCLG to Meet in September
AHRQ Report Reviews Disparities in Clinical Trials Recruitment
Two major themes of the report are study design and community involvement. Most of the studies reviewed presented "evidence by convenience," arbitrary measures, and inconsistently reported results that are disconnected from the larger cancer health disparities research field. Few of the studies were designed to address barriers or general problems relevant to patients in underserved communities.
The report recommends that research concerning recruitment be developed within the framework of community-based participatory research with expanded community involvement and that time be taken to develop community relationships. Finally, the report noted that the most limited information is on African-American males, Asian American/Pacific Islanders, American Indian/Alaska Natives, and Latinos/Hispanics. The report is online at http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcsums/recruitsum.htm.