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Managing Physical Effects

Browse a list of common side effects of cancer or cancer treatment with links to practical information for preventing or relieving these effects. Also find information on maintaining proper nutrition during cancer treatment. To learn more, see Palliative Care in Cancer.

On this page:
 

Anemia and Bleeding Problems
Confusion and Memory Problems
Constipation and Diarrhea
Fatigue
Fever
Hair Loss
Hot Flashes and Night Sweats
Lymphedema
Nausea and Vomiting
Nutrition
Oral Complications
Pain
Sexuality and Fertility
Skin Changes
Other Physical Effects
Understanding Chemotherapy
Understanding Radiation Therapy


Anemia and Bleeding Problems

Confusion and Memory Problems

Constipation and Diarrhea

Fatigue

Fever

Hair Loss

Hot Flashes and Night Sweats

  • Hot Flashes and Night Sweats (PDQ®)
    [ patient ] [ health professional ]
    Expert-reviewed information summary about causes and treatment of hot flashes and night sweats in cancer patients.

Lymphedema

Nausea and Vomiting

Nutrition

Oral Complications

  • Oral Complications of Chemotherapy and Head/Neck Radiation (PDQ®)
    [ patient ] [ health professional ]
    Expert-reviewed information summary about oral complications, such as mucositis and salivary gland dysfunction, that occur in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy to the head and neck.
  • Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Mouth and Throat Changes (1 MB)

    Practical steps to take if your mouth or throat hurts during chemotherapy. Learn about a mouth rinse that can help, what foods to avoid, and questions to ask your doctor.

  • What To Do When Your Mouth or Throat Hurts (142 KB)

    An easy-to-read fact sheet for radiation therapy patients that includes information and tips to help manage mouth or throat pain, feel better during treatment, and talk with their doctor or nurse.

Pain

  • Pain (PDQ®)
    [ patient ] [ health professional ]
    Expert-reviewed information summary about pain as a complication of cancer or its treatment. Approaches to the management and treatment of cancer-associated pain are discussed.
  • Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Pain (133 KB)

    Practical advice to help you prevent or manage pain during chemotherapy treatment. Tips to help you track your pain, get the most from your pain medicine, and know when to call your doctor about.

  • Pain Control: Support for People With Cancer

    Covers pain control medicines for cancer patients, pain control plans, talking with your health care team about pain, and coping with the physical and emotional effects of pain.

  • Many Patients with Cancer Need Better Treatments for Pain

    Inadequate pain treatment in patients with cancer remains a significant problem and appears to be more frequent among minorities, according to a new study published online April 16, 2012, in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

  • Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Nerve Changes (155 KB)

    Practical information about nerve changes (also called peripheral neuropathy) and tips that have helped others during chemotherapy. Learn what changes to call your doctor about and questions to ask your doctor.

Sexuality and Fertility

Skin Changes

Other Physical Effects

  • Cardiopulmonary Syndromes (PDQ®)
    [ patient ] [ health professional ]
    Expert-reviewed information summary about common conditions that produce chest symptoms. The cardiopulmonary syndromes addressed in this summary are cancer-related dyspnea, malignant pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and superior vena cava syndrome.
  • Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Nerve Changes (155 KB)

    Practical information about nerve changes (also called peripheral neuropathy) and tips that have helped others during chemotherapy. Learn what changes to call your doctor about and questions to ask your doctor.

  • Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Urination Changes (175 KB)

    Practical information about how to prevent or manage changes in urination during chemotherapy, problems to call your doctor about, and questions to ask your doctor.

  • What To Do About Changes When You Urinate (1 MB)

    An easy-to-read fact sheet for radiation therapy patients that includes information and tips to help people manage changes when they urinate, feel better during treatment, and talk with their doctor or nurse.

Understanding Chemotherapy

Understanding Radiation Therapy