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Table 8. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diagnosis and Colon Surveillance of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)

Organization APC Gene Test Recommended  Age Screening Initiated  Frequency Method Comment 
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (2001, 2003) [140-142]YesNANANA
American Cancer Society (2002) [143]NAPubertyNAEndoscopyReferral to a center specializing in FAP screening suggested.
GI Societies (2003)a [138]Yes10–12 yAnnualFS
NCCN (2014) [92]Yes10–15 yAnnualFS or CConsider MYH mutation testing if APC testing is negative and family history is compatible with recessive inheritance; in families in which no mutation is found, offspring of those affected are screened as if they were carriers.

C = colonoscopy; FS = flexible sigmoidoscopy; GI = gastrointestinal; NA = not addressed; NCCN = National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
aGI Societies – American Academy of Family Practice, American College of Gastroenterology, American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine, American College of Radiology, American Gastroenterological Association, American Society of Colorectal Surgeons, and American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

References

  1. National Comprehensive Cancer Network: NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Colorectal. Version 2.2014. Rockledge, PA: National Comprehensive Cancer Network, 2014. Available online with free registration. Last accessed June 17, 2014. 

  2. Winawer S, Fletcher R, Rex D, et al.: Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance: clinical guidelines and rationale-Update based on new evidence. Gastroenterology 124 (2): 544-60, 2003.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  3. Church J, Simmang C; Standards Task Force, et al.: Practice parameters for the treatment of patients with dominantly inherited colorectal cancer (familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer). Dis Colon Rectum 46 (8): 1001-12, 2003.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  4. Standard Task Force, American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Collaborative Group of the Americas on Inherited Colorectal Cancer: Practice parameters for the identification and testing of patients at risk for dominantly inherited colorectal cancer. Dis Colon Rectum 44 (10): 1403, 2001.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  5. Smith RA, Cokkinides V, von Eschenbach AC, et al.: American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer. CA Cancer J Clin 52 (1): 8-22, 2002 Jan-Feb.  [PUBMED Abstract]