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Liver (Hepatocellular) Cancer Prevention (PDQ®)

  • Posted: 05/23/2005
  • Updated: 02/27/2014

Table 3. Likely Etiology of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Causative Agents  Dominant Geographical Areas  
Hepatitis B virusAsia and Africa
Hepatitis C virusEurope, United States, and Japan
AlcoholEurope and United States
AflatoxinsEast Asia and Africa