Changes to This Summary (06/20/2014)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.
Added text to state that studies show that perioperative and long-term complications are considerably higher in patients with head and neck cancer who continue to smoke (cited Wein as reference 6).
Added Gritz et al. and Parsons et al. as references 1 and 2, respectively.
Added text to state that studies conducted in patients with primary cancers have also shown decreased risk of second malignancy and improved survival as a result of smoking cessation (cited Chen et al. and Geyer et al. as references 13 and 14, respectively).
Added text to state that despite strong evidence about the deleterious effects of continued smoking in cancer patients, smoking cessation remains a challenging issue in this patient population, especially in patients with comorbid mental health issues and substance use disorders (cited Nayan et al., Schnoll et al., and Blalock et al. as references 1, 2, and 3, respectively).
Added Duffy et al. as reference 9.
Added text to state that other studies also suggest lower cessation rates in patients with depression and alcohol use disorders (cited Schnoll et al. as reference 2).
This section has been extensively revised.
This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Supportive and Palliative Care Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.