Treatment Option Overview for AIDS-Related Lymphoma
The treatment of patients with AIDS-related lymphomas presents the challenge of integrating therapy appropriate for the stage and histologic subset of malignant lymphoma with the limitations imposed by HIV infection, which to date is a chronic incurable illness. In addition to antitumor therapy, essential components of an optimal non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment strategy include the following:
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy.
- Prophylaxis for opportunistic infections.
- Rapid recognition and treatment of intercurrent infections.
Patients with HIV positivity and underlying immunodeficiency have poor bone marrow reserve, which compromises the potential for drug dose intensity. Intercurrent opportunistic infection is a risk that may also lead to a decrease in drug delivery. Furthermore, chemotherapy itself compromises the immune system and increases the likelihood of opportunistic infection.