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Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)

  • Updated: 07/31/2014

Table 5. Primary Tumor (T)a

aReprinted with permission from AJCC: Distal bile duct. In: Edge SB, Byrd DR, Compton CC, et al., eds.: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2010, pp 227-33.
TXPrimary tumor cannot be assessed.
T0No evidence of primary tumor.
TisCarcinoma in situ.
T1Tumor confined to the bile duct histologically.
T2Tumor invades beyond the wall of the bile duct.
T3Tumor invades the gallbladder, pancreas, duodenum, or other adjacent organs without involvement of the celiac axis or the superior mesenteric artery.
T4Tumor involves the celiac axis or the superior mesenteric artery.