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Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)

Patient Version

Stages of Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors rarely spread outside of the brain and spinal cord.

Staging is the process used to find out how much cancer there is and if cancer has spread. There is no standard staging system for childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors. The treatment plan depends on the following:

  • The type of germ cell tumor.
  • Whether the tumor has spread within the CNS or to other parts of the body.
  • The results of tests and procedures done to diagnose childhood CNS germ cell tumors.
  • Whether the tumor is newly diagnosed or has recurred (come back) after treatment.
  • Updated: November 25, 2014