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Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)

Patient Version
Last Modified: 05/22/2014

Stages of Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors



Childhood central nervous system germ cell tumors rarely spread outside of the brain and spinal cord.

Staging is the process used to find out how much cancer there is and if cancer has spread. There is no standard staging system for childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors. The treatment plan depends on the type of germ cell tumor and if the tumor has spread within the CNS or to other parts of the body. The information from tests and procedures done to detect (find) childhood CNS germ cell tumors is also used to plan treatment. The tumors are grouped as newly diagnosed or recurrent.