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Childhood Ependymoma Treatment (PDQ®)

  • Updated: 12/18/2013

Table 1. Standard Treatment Options for Childhood Ependymoma

Stage and/or Histopathologic Classification Standard Treatment Options 
Newly diagnosed childhood subependymomaSurgery
Newly diagnosed childhood myxopapillary ependymomaSurgery with or without radiation therapy
Newly diagnosed childhood ependymoma (WHO Grade II) or anaplastic ependymoma (WHO Grade III):Surgery
Adjuvant therapy:
No residual disease, no disseminated diseaseRadiation therapy
Residual disease, no disseminated diseaseSecond-look surgery
Radiation therapy
Preirradiation chemotherapy
Central nervous system disseminated diseaseRadiation therapy
Children younger than 3 yearsChemotherapy
Radiation therapy
Recurrent childhood ependymomaSurgery
Radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy