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Types of Treatment



  • Immunotherapy: Using the Immune System to Treat Cancer

    Immunotherapies are treatments that restore or enhance the immune system’s natural ability to fight cancer. In just the past few years, the rapidly advancing field of cancer immunology has recently produced several new methods of treating cancer that increase the strength of immune responses against tumors.

  • Biological Therapies for Cancer

    A fact sheet that provides an overview of how the immune system functions and describes the actions of biological therapies, such as monoclonal antibodies, cytokines, therapeutic vaccines, the bacterium bacillus Calmet-Guérin, cancer-killing viruses, gene therapy, and adoptive T-cell transfer.

Radiation Therapy

Targeted Therapies

  • Targeted Cancer Therapies

    A fact sheet that describes targeted cancer therapies, which are drugs that interfere with specific molecules involved in cancer cell growth and survival.

  • Precision Medicine and Targeted Therapy

    Information about the role that targeted therapies play in precision medicine. Includes how targeted therapies work against cancer, who receives targeted therapies, common side effects, and what to expect when having targeted therapies.


  • Childhood Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (PDQ®)
    [ health professional ]
    Expert-reviewed information summary about the use of hematopoietic cell transplantation in treating childhood cancer.
  • Blood-Forming Stem Cell Transplants

    A fact sheet that explains the step-by-step procedures of two types of transplantations used with high-dose chemotherapy, including their risks and benefits.

Other Treatment Methods

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors

    A fact sheet that describes the process of eliminating the blood supply to tumors. Lists the cancers in which this approach is being tested.

  • Cancer Vaccines

    A fact sheet that discusses cancer vaccines. Explains how they work, how they are made, and describes research related to their use.

  • Cryosurgery in Cancer Treatment: Questions and Answers

    A fact sheet that describes cryosurgery, the technique of using extreme cold to treat tumors. Lists the indications, risks, benefits, and side effects of cryotherapy.

  • Hyperthermia in Cancer Treatment

    A fact sheet that defines hyperthermia (treating tumors with heat) and its side effects.

  • Lasers in Cancer Treatment

    A fact sheet that describes use of high-intensity light in cancer treatment, its advantages and disadvantages, and types of procedures that use it.

  • Photodynamic Therapy for Cancer

    A fact sheet that explains photodynamic therapy, how it is administered, and indications and side effects of treatment.