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Understanding Cancer Series

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  • Posted: 04/07/2006
  • Reviewed: 11/04/2010

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Slide 45


Cancer Screening for Early Detection

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Cancer screening tests help detect cancer at an early stage, which allows treatment to occur before the cancer spreads.

Get screened regularly for these cancers:

  • Colon/rectum: Tests include the fecal occult blood test, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.
  • Breast: The standard screening test is a mammogram, or X-ray of the breast tissue.
  • Cervix: The standard screening test is the Pap smear.

Guidelines for when testing should begin and how often it should occur may be different for each person, so talk with your doctor about what's right for you.

Also talk with your health care provider about exposures at work and at home, and discuss whether your family or personal history may put you at risk for certain types of cancer. Your doctor may recommend other cancer screening tests as well.

Cancer Screening for Early Detection