Protein Folding and Function
As the amino acid chain grows, it folds into a three-dimensional (3-D) structure, which depends on both the chemical nature and order of the different amino acids. The 3-D structure determines the function of the protein. When there is a change in one or more amino acids, then the ability of the protein to function may be affected. The protein's function may be unchanged or it may become sluggish, hyperactive, or inactive.