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Clinical Trial Results - Progress in Cancer Care

These summaries highlight recently released results from cancer clinical trials. The findings are significant enough that they are likely to influence your medical care.

The summaries are listed in reverse chronological order. You may also use the navigation tools on the left to search the summaries by keyword or type of cancer.

  • New treatment option for young women with hormone-sensitive breast cancer
    (Posted: 06/01/2014) - A drug used for treating breast cancer, known as exemestane, is more effective than a common breast cancer prevention drug, tamoxifen, in preventing breast cancer recurrence in young women who also receive post-surgical treatment to suppress ovarian function. The combined results of the Tamoxifen and Exemestane Trial and Suppression of Ovarian Function Trial were presented at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago.
  • NIH-funded study shows increased survival in men with metastatic prostate cancer who receive chemotherapy when starting hormone therapy
    (Posted: 12/05/2013, Updated: 06/01/2014) - Men with hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer who received the chemotherapy drug docetaxel given at the start of standard hormone therapy lived longer than patients who received hormone therapy alone, according to early results from a NIH-supported randomized controlled clinical trial.
  • Sorafenib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Some Patients with Metastatic Thyroid Cancer
    (Posted: 05/27/2014) - Results from an international phase III trial show that sorafenib (Nexavar®) may benefit patients with locally advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer that is no longer responding to treatment with radioactive iodine. Patients who were treated with sorafenib lived longer without their cancers getting worse than patients who received a placebo.
  • Trastuzumab Benefits Women with Locally Advanced or Inflammatory Breast Cancer
    (Posted: 03/15/2010, Updated: 04/07/2014) - Women treated with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and chemotherapy before surgery and trastuzumab again after surgery had a reduced risk of the disease recurring or progressing compared with women who received pre-surgical chemotherapy but no trastuzumab, according to a study published in the January 30, 2010, Lancet.
  • Combination of Idelalisib and Rituximab Improves Survival in Patients with Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
    (Posted: 03/12/2014) - In an international randomized double-blind phase III clinical trial, patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who received the investigational drug idelalisib in combination with rituximab (Rituxan®) lived substantially longer without their disease getting worse than patients who received a placebo plus rituximab. Overall survival was also improved in patients who received idelalisib plus rituximab. Patients who received idelalisib and rituximab were also more likely to live 12 months after beginning treatment and to have their cancer regress compared with patients who received a placebo plus rituximab.
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