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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Combination Chemotherapy and Dasatinib in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentClosed18 and overNCINCI-2011-02615
CDR0000688434, CALGB 10801, U10CA031946, U10CA180821, NCT01238211

Trial Description

Summary

This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well giving combination chemotherapy together with dasatinib works in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as daunorubicin hydrochloride and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Dasatinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving combination chemotherapy together with dasatinib may kill more cancer cells.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety and tolerability of dasatinib with intensive induction therapy (daunorubicin hydrochloride and cytarabine), consolidation chemotherapy (high-dose cytarabine), and as single agent in maintenance therapy in patients with newly diagnosed core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess clinical outcomes such as event-free survival (EFS), complete response (CR) rate, cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), cumulative incidence of death (CID), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with these regimens.

II. To describe the frequency and severity of adverse events of patients treated on this study during induction, consolidation, and continuation therapy.

III. To describe the interaction of pretreatment disease and patient characteristics including morphology, cytogenetics, immunophenotype, molecular genetic features, white blood cell (WBC) count and hemogram, and performance status on clinical outcomes.

OUTLINE:

INDUCTION THERAPY (course 1): Patients receive daunorubicin hydrochloride intravenously (IV) on days 1-3, cytarabine IV continuously over 168 hours on days 1-7, and dasatinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 8-21. Patients with responsive disease on day 21 undergo consolidation therapy, and patients with non-responsive disease on day 21 (bone marrow cellularity >= 20 % and leukemia blasts >= 5%) receive a second course of induction therapy.

INDUCTION THERAPY (course 2): Patients receive daunorubicin hydrochloride IV on days 1-3, cytarabine IV continuously over 120 hours on days 1-5, and dasatinib PO once a day on days 6-19. Patients achieving complete response receive consolidation therapy.

CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: Patients receive high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours on days 1, 3, and 5, and dasatinib PO QD on days 6-26. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in complete remission receive continuation therapy.

CONTINUATION THERAPY: Patients receive dasatinib PO on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 2 months for 2 years, every 3 months for 2 years, and then every year for up to 10 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documentation of disease as assessed by the Alliance reference laboratory at the Ohio State University per Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 20202, molecular diagnosis of core-binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) positive for runt-related transcription factor 1(RUNX1)-runt-related transcription factor 1; translocated to 1 (RUNX1T1) fusion transcript resulting from t(8;21)(q22;q22) (or a variant form) or core binding factor β-chain (CBFB)-myosin heavy chain 11 gene (MYH11) fusion transcript resulting from inv(16)(p13.1q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22) (any % bone marrow or blood blasts render the diagnosis of CBF AML based on the World Health Organization [WHO] classification)
  • No prior chemotherapy for leukemia or myelodysplasia with the following exceptions:
  • Emergency leukapheresis
  • Emergency treatment for hyperleukocytosis with hydroxyurea,
  • Cranial radiotherapy (RT) for central nervous system (CNS) leukostasis (one dose only),
  • Growth factor and/or cytokine support and/or non-cytotoxic molecular-targeted agents
  • AML patients with a history of antecedent myelodysplasia (MDS) remain eligible for treatment on this trial
  • Patients who have developed therapy related myeloid neoplasm (t-MN) after prior radiation therapy or chemotherapy for another cancer or disorder are eligible
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction >= lower limit of institutional normal by multigated acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO) scan
  • Patients must not have had myocardial infarction within 6 months of registration
  • Patients must not have had ventricular tachyarrhythmia within 6 months of registration
  • Patients must have no major conduction abnormality (unless a cardiac pacemaker is present)
  • Bilirubin must not be < 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Patients must be non-pregnant and non-nursing; pregnant or nursing patients may not be enrolled; women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 72 hours prior to registration; women of child-bearing potential must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control - one highly effective method (e.g., intrauterine device [IUD], hormonal, tubal ligation, or partner's vasectomy), and one additional effective method (e.g., latex condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap) - AT THE SAME TIME, before she begins dasatinib therapy, during treatment and at least 12 weeks after treatment is complete; "Women of childbearing potential" is defined as a sexually active mature woman who has not undergone a hysterectomy or who has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months
  • Patients with congenital long QT syndrome or non-congenital corrected QT (QTc) prolongation (defined as a QTc interval consistently equal to or greater than 480 msecs) that cannot be corrected by infusion of electrolytes and/or discontinuation of other medications prior to start of treatment are excluded

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

Guido MarcucciPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT01238211
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on April 14, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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