|SS1P and Pentostatin Plus Cyclophosphamide for Mesothelioma
Further Study Information
Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard of care for advanced unresectable malignant mesothelioma. New options for treatment are necessary in patients with advanced disease that have progressed on platinum-based therapy. Mesothelin is a cell surface glycoprotein present on normal mesothelial cells that is highly expressed in many human cancers including lung adenocarcinoma. SS1 (dsFv) PE38 is a recombinant anti-mesothelin immunotoxin that has undergone phase I testing and has been evaluated in combination with pemetrexed and cisplatin for treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. SS1 (dsFv)PE38 is highly immunogenic and the majority of patients develop antibodies to it at end of one cycle. Pre-clinical studies demonstrate that SS1(dsFv)PE38 may be administered multiple times in combination with an immune-depleting regimen consisting of pentostatin and cyclophosphamide.
-To assess the safety, tolerability, and feasibility of a conditioning regimen of pentostatin and
cyclophosphamide in combination with SS1(dsFv)PE38
Phase 2 Objectivies:
1. Subjects must have histologically confirmed epithelial or biphasic mesothelioma not amenable to potentially curative surgical resection. However, patients with biphasic tumors that have a greater than or equal to 50 percent sarcomatoid component will be excluded. The diagnosis will be confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology / CCR / NCI.
2. Patients must have had at least one prior chemotherapy regimen, with the FDA-approved regimen of a platinum-based therapy in combination with pemetrexed being preferred unless there was a specific contraindication for an individual patient. There is no limit to the number of prior chemotherapy regimens received.
3. Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as > 20 mm with conventional techniques or as > 10 mm with spiral CT scan. See Section 11 for the evaluation of measurable disease.
4. Patients must not have had major surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, biologic therapy (including any investigational agents), or hormonal therapy (other than replacement), within 4 weeks prior to entering the study and must have evidence of stable or progressive disease to be eligible.
5. Age greater than or equal to 18 years. Since mesothelioma is extremely rare in children, they are excluded from this study.
6. Life expectancy of greater than 3 months.
7. Performance status (ECOG) less than or equal to 1 (Appendix A).
8. Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function (as defined below).
Patients may be transfused to obtain a hemoglobin of greater than or equal to 9 g/Dl.
9. The effects of SS1(dsFv)PE38, pentostatin, and cyclophosphamide on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control; abstinence) for the duration of study therapy and for 3 months after the last dose of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. While hormonal methods of birth control are effective, we ask that female patients who are participating in the study cease hormonal forms of birth control, as these methods of birth control (birth control pills, injections, or implants) may affect the study drug. Patients must be off hormonal forms of birth control for at least 4 weeks prior to initiating the study.
10. Ability to comply with intravenous administration schedule, and the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
1. Patients with symptomatic brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. However, patients who have had treatment for their brain metastases and whose brain metastatic disease status has remained stable for at least 4-6 weeks without steroids may be enrolled at the discretion of the principal investigator.
2. Uncontrolled medical illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or uncontrolled, symptomatic congestive heart failure (AHA Class II or worse), uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
3. HIV positive patients will be excluded due to a theoretical concern that the degree of immune suppression associated with the treatment may result in progression of HIV infection.
4. Patients with Hepatitis B and C will be excluded.
5. Serum neutralization antibody assay shows greater than or equal to 75 percent neutralization of the SS1 (dsFv) PE38 activity at 200 ng/ml.
6. Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
7. History of another invasive malignancy in the last two years. Adequately treated noninvasive, non-melanoma skin cancers as well as in situ carcinoma of the cervix will be allowed.
8. Prior treatment with drugs of the immunotoxin class.
9. Patients with tumor amenable to potentially curative therapy as assessed by the investigator. In patients with peritoneal mesothelioma who have had no prior surgery, a surgical consultation will be obtained to see if the patient is a candidate for debulking surgery.
10. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because SS1(dsFv)PE38, pentostatin, and cyclophosphamide have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. The agents in the trial may also potentially be secreted in milk and therefore breastfeeding women should be excluded. Because of the potential of teratogenic or abortifacient effects women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier methods) before, during the study and for a period of 3 months after the last dose of the investigational agent.
11. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to SS1(dsFv)PE38.
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
National Cancer Institute
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.