Clinical Trials (PDQ®)
|Decitabine With or Without Bortezomib in Treating Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase II trial studies how well giving decitabine with or without bortezomib works in treating older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Bortezomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether decitabine with or without bortezomib is an effective treatment for acute myeloid leukemia.
Further Study Information
I. To determine if treatment of older acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with decitabine and bortezomib significantly improves the overall survival times of older AML patients compared with decitabine alone.
I. To determine the rate of complete remission (CR) and CR + incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) for each of the 2 treatment regimens in the proposal.
II. To determine the overall survival, progression-free survival, disease-free survival and for each of the treatment regimens on this study.
III. To determine whether ongoing treatment with these regimens prolongs overall survival even in the absence of complete remission.
IV. To describe the frequency and severity of adverse events, as well as the tolerability of each of these regimens in patients treated on this study.
V. To describe the interaction of pretreatment disease and patient characteristics including morphology, cytogenetics, molecular genetics, white blood cell (WBC) count, blood and bone marrow blast count, age, performance status and comprehensive geriatric assessment on clinical outcomes.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age (60-69 years vs >= 70 years). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
REMISSION INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine intravenously (IV) over 1 hour once daily (QD) on days 1-10. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving CR or CR with CRi proceed to continuation therapy.
CONTINUATION THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
REMISSION INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 2-11 and bortezomib subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 4, 8, and 12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving CR or CRi proceed to continuation therapy.
CONTINUATION THERAPY: Patients receive bortezomib SC on day 1 and decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months for 2 years, every 3 months for 2 years, and then once a year for 6 years.
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
National Cancer Institute
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.