|Phase II, Phase I||Treatment||Completed||18 and over||NCI, Other||CDR0000257255|
P30CA016042, UCLA-0203078, NCI-G02-2114, NCT00047073
RATIONALE: Chemotherapy drugs such as sirolimus use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving a chemotherapy drug before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of sirolimus in treating patients who have glioblastoma multiforme that did not respond to previous radiation therapy.
Further Study Information
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of sirolimus in patients with glioblastoma multiforme.
- Determine the safety profile of this drug in these patients.
- Determine the efficacy of this drug, in terms of 6-month progression-free survival and objective response, in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.
- Phase I: Patients receive oral sirolimus for 5-7 days before surgery. Patients then undergo surgical resection. Patients resume oral sirolimus once daily after full recovery from surgery. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of sirolimus until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
- Phase II: Patients receive oral sirolimus as in phase I at the dose determined in that phase.
Patients are followed for survival.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-12 patients will be accrued for phase I of the study within 3-12 months. A total of 32 patients will be accrued for phase II of the study.
- Histologically confirmed intracranial glioblastoma multiforme
- Disease progression by MRI or CT scan
- Confirmation of true progressive disease (not radiation necrosis) by positron-emission tomography, thallium scanning, MRI, or surgical documentation required if patient received prior interstitial brachytherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery
- Failed prior radiotherapy
- Phase I patients:
- Eligible for salvage surgery
- No limits on prior therapy
- Phase II patients:
- Tumor progression by MRI or CT scan required within the past 14 days if recurrent disease is present
- No prior therapy for more than 3 relapses
- Recent resection of recurrent or progressive tumor allowed as long as all of the following conditions apply:
- Recovered from surgery
- MRI or CT scan performed no more than 96 hours since prior surgery OR within 4-6 weeks after surgery
- Baseline MRI or CT scan performed within 14 days of study entry
- 18 and over
- Karnofsky 60-100%
- More than 8 weeks
- WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
- Absolute neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
- Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
- Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- SGOT less than 1.5 times ULN
- Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL
- Cholesterol less than 350 mg/dL
- Triglycerides less than 400 mg/dL
- No concurrent disease that would obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism
- No other significant uncontrolled serious medical illness that would preclude study participation
- No other cancer except non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix unless patient is in complete remission and off all therapy for that disease for at least 3 years
- No active infection
- No prior allergic reactions to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to sirolimus
- No psychiatric illness that would preclude study participation
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- At least 1 week since prior interferon
- At least 2 weeks since prior vincristine
- At least 3 weeks since prior procarbazine
- At least 6 weeks since prior nitrosoureas
- At least 1 week since prior tamoxifen
- See Disease Characteristics
- At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
- See Disease Characteristics
- Recovered from prior therapy
- At least 1 week since prior noncytotoxic agents (except radiosensitizers)
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLANational Cancer Institute
|Timothy F. Cloughesy||Principal Investigator|
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00047073
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on November 20, 2012
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