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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Myeloablative Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation in Hematological Diseases

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentActive45 and underOther2005LS043
UMN-MT2005-10, UMN-0507M71475, UMN-2005LS043, UMN-BMT-MT2005-10, NCT00309842

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, and total-body irradiation before a donor umbilical cord blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells and prepares the patient's bone marrow for the stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil may stop this from happening.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving fludarabine and cyclophosphamide together with total-body irradiation works in treating patients who are undergoing an umbilical cord blood transplant for hematologic cancer.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the 1-year survival of patients undergoing unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) for hematologic malignancies treated with myeloablative preparative regimen comprising fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and fractionated total-body irradiation.

Secondary

  • Determine the incidence of transplant-related mortality at 6 months after UCBT.
  • Evaluate the pattern of chimerism after double UCBT.
  • Determine the incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day 42 after UCBT.
  • Determine the incidence of platelet engraftment at 6 months after UCBT.
  • Determine the incidence of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at day 100 after UCBT.
  • Determine the incidence of chronic GVHD at 1 year after UCBT.
  • Determine the disease-free survival at 1 and 2 years after UCBT.
  • Determine the incidence of relapse at 1 year after UCBT.

OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized, open-label, multicenter study.

  • Preparative Regimen: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 1 hour on days -8 to -6 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -7 and -6. Patients also undergo total-body irradiation twice daily on days -4 to -1.
  • Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation (UCBT): Patients undergo 1 or 2 units of UCBT on day 0. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) IV once daily beginning on day 1 and continuing until blood counts recover.
  • Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis: Patients receive cyclosporine IV over 2 hours 2 or 3 times daily beginning on day -3 and continuing until day 100 followed by a taper until day 180. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV or orally 2 or 3 times a day beginning on day -3 and continuing until day 30 or 7 days after engraftment in the absence of acute GVHD.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 150 patients will be accrued for this study.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML): high risk CR1 (as evidenced by preceding myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], high risk cytogenetics, ≥ 2 cycles to obtain complete remission [CR], erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia; CR2+. All patients must be in CR as defined by hematological recovery, AND <5% blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow with a cellularity of ≥15%.
  • Very high risk pediatric patients with AML. Patients <21 years, however, are eligible with (M2 marrow) with < or = 25% blasts in marrow after having failed one or more cycles of chemotherapy. This group of patients will be analyzed separately.
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): high risk CR1 [t(9;22), t (1:19), t(4;11) or other MLL rearrangements] hypodiploidy, or IKZF1 abnormalities), DNA index < 0.81, > 1 cycle to obtain CR or presence minimal residual disease (MRD). Patients in CR2+ are eligible. All patients must be in CR as defined by hematological recovery, AND <5% blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow with a cellularity of ≥15%.
  • Very high risk pediatric patients with ALL. patients <21 years are also considered high risk CR1 if they had M2 or M3 marrow at day 42 from the initiation of induction or M3 marrow at the end of induction. They are eligible once they achieved a complete remission
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) excluding refractory blast crisis. To be eligible in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to imatinib mesylate.
  • Plasma Cell leukemia after initial therapy, who achieved at least a partial remission
  • Advanced myelofibrosis
  • Myelodysplasia (MDS) IPSS Int-2 or High risk (i.e. RAEB, RAEBt) or refractory anemia with severe pancytopenia or high risk cytogenetics. Blasts must be < 10% by a representative bone marrow aspirate morphology.
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), marginal zone B-cell lymphoma or follicular lymphoma are eligible if there was disease progression/relapse within 12 of achieving a partial or complete remission. Patients who had remissions lasting > 12 months, are eligible after at least two prior therapies. Patients with bulky disease (nodal mass greater than 5 cm) should be considered for debulking chemotherapy before transplant.
  • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, mantle-cell lymphoma, prolymphocytic leukemia are eligible after initial therapy in CR1+ or PR1+.
  • Large cell NHL > CR2/> PR2. Patients in CR2/PR2 with initial short remission (<6 months) are eligible.
  • Lymphoblastic lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, and other high-grade NHL after initial therapy if stage III/IV in CR1/PR1 or after progression if stage I/II < 1 year.
  • Multiple myeloma beyond PR2. Patients with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response lasting less than 6 months, or β-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, may be considered for this protocol after initial therapy.
  • Recipients must have a Karnofsky score (adults) ≥ 80 % or Lansky score ≥ 50% (pediatrics), and proper organ function.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Active infection at time of transplantation
  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Chemotherapy refractory large cell and high grade NHL
  • If < or = 18 years old, prior myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months. If >18 years old prior myeloablative allotransplant or autologous transplant
  • Extensive prior therapy including > 12 months alkylator therapy or > 6 months alkylator therapy with extensive radiation.
  • Patients who have received Y-90 ibritumomab (Zevalin) or I-131 tostumomab (Bexxar), as part of their salvage therapy.

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Masonic Cancer Center at University of Minnesota

Claudio G. BrunsteinStudy Chair

Claudio G. Brunstein, M.D.Ph: 612-625-3918
  Email: bruns072@umn.edu

Trial Sites

U.S.A.
Minnesota
  Minneapolis
 Masonic Cancer Center at University of Minnesota
 Clinical Trials Office - Masonic Cancer Center at University o Ph: 612-624-2620

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00309842
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 01, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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