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Radiation Therapy With or Without Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Anaplastic Glioma

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, Supportive care, TreatmentActive18 and overOtherCDR0000582632
EORTC-26053, CAN-NCIC-CEC1, RTOG-0834, EORTC-22054, EUDRACT-2006-001533-17, SPRI-EORTC-26053, MERCK-EORTC-26053, MRC-BR14, COGNO-EORTC-26053, CEC1, NCT00626990

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving radiation therapy together with temozolomide may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving temozolomide during and/or after radiation therapy is more effective than radiation therapy alone in treating anaplastic glioma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving temozolomide during and/or after radiation therapy to see how well it works compared to radiation therapy alone in treating patients with anaplastic glioma.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To assess whether concurrent radiotherapy with daily temozolomide improves overall survival as compared to no daily temozolomide in patients with non-1p/19q deleted anaplastic glioma.
  • To assess whether adjuvant temozolomide improves survival as compared to no adjuvant temozolomide in patients with non-1p/19q deleted anaplastic glioma.

Secondary

  • To assess whether concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide prolongs progression-free survival and neurological deterioration-free survival in patients with non-1p/19q deleted anaplastic glioma.
  • To assess the safety of concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide in patients with non-1p/19q deleted anaplastic glioma, including late effects on cognition.
  • To assess the impact of concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide on the quality of life of patients with non-1p/19q deleted anaplastic glioma.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to institution, WHO performance status (0 vs > 0), age (≤ 50 vs > 50), presence of 1p LOH only (yes vs no), presence of oligodendroglial elements (yes vs no), and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter methylation status (methylated vs unmethylated vs indeterminate). Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo radiotherapy* once daily, 5 days a week, for 6.5 weeks (total of 33 fractions).
  • Arm II: Patients undergo radiotherapy* once daily, 5 days a week and receive oral temozolomide once daily for 6.5 weeks (total of 33 fractions of radiotherapy).
  • Arm III: Patients undergo radiotherapy* once daily, 5 days a week for 6.5 weeks (total of 33 fractions). Beginning 4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy, patients receive adjuvant oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-5. Treatment with adjuvant temozolomide repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses.
  • Arm IV: Patients undergo radiotherapy* once daily, 5 days a week and receive oral temozolomide once daily for 6.5 weeks (total of 33 fractions of radiotherapy). Beginning 4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy, patients receive adjuvant oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-5. Treatment with adjuvant temozolomide repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses.

NOTE: *Patients must begin radiotherapy within 8 days after randomization and within 7 weeks after surgery.

In all arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients complete quality-of-life questionnaires, including QLQ-C30 version 3, BCM20, and the Mini Mental Status Exam at baseline, 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, and then every 3 months for 5 years.

Tissue samples are collected at baseline for histology review, 1p/19q analysis, methylation status of the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter, and isocitrate dehydrogenase mutation analysis.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:
  • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
  • Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma
  • Anaplastic astrocytoma
  • Newly diagnosed disease
  • Prior surgery for a low grade tumor is allowed, provided histological confirmation of an anaplastic tumor is present at the time of progression
  • Absence of combined 1p/19q loss
  • Tumor material available for central 1p/19q assessment, central O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter methylation status assessment, isocitrate dehydrogenase mutation analysis, and central pathology review
  • Patients must be on a stable or decreasing dose of steroids for at least two weeks prior to randomization

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • WHO performance status 0-2
  • ANC ≥ 1.5 x 10^9 cells/L
  • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9 cells/L
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase < 2.5 x ULN
  • AST and ALT < 2.5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No known HIV infection or chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection
  • No other serious medical condition that would interfere with follow-up
  • No medical condition that could interfere with oral medication intake (e.g., frequent vomiting or partial bowel obstruction)
  • No other prior malignancies except for any malignancy which was treated with curative intent more than 5 years prior to registration and adequately controlled limited basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No prior or concurrent malignancies at other sites except for surgically cured carcinoma in situ of the cervix or nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would potentially hamper compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior chemotherapy, including carmustine-containing wafers (Gliadel®)
  • No prior radiotherapy to the brain
  • No concurrent growth factors unless vital for the patient
  • No other concurrent investigational treatment
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer

NCIC-Clinical Trials Group

Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

Medical Research Council's Working Party on Leukemia in Adults and Children

Cooperative Trials Group for Neuro-Oncology

Wolfgang WickStudy Chair

Warren P. MasonStudy Chair

Michael A. VogelbaumStudy Chair

S. ErridgeStudy Chair

Anna NowakStudy Chair

Trial Sites

U.S.A.
Florida
  Orlando
 Florida Hospital Cancer Institute at Florida Hospital Orlando
 Robert J Sollaccio Ph: 407-303-5623
Michigan
  Ann Arbor
 Saint Joseph Mercy Cancer Center
 Samir Narayan Ph: 734-712-3456
Nebraska
  Omaha
 Methodist Estabrook Cancer Center
 Tien-Shew W Huang Ph: 402-354-5144
New York
  Syracuse
 SUNY Upstate Medical University Hospital
 Anna Shapiro Ph: 315-464-5476
Pennsylvania
  Allentown
 Morgan Cancer Center at Lehigh Valley Hospital - Cedar Crest
 Eliot Lawrence Friedman Ph: 610-402-2273
South Carolina
  Spartanburg
 Gibbs Regional Cancer Center at Spartanburg Regional Medical Center
 Patricia C Griffin Ph: 800-486-5941
Utah
  Salt Lake City
 Huntsman Cancer Institute at University of Utah
 Dennis C. Shrieve Ph: 801-581-4477
  Email: clinical.trials@hci.utah.edu
Virginia
  Richmond
 Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center
 Douglas W Arthur Ph: 804-628-1939

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00626990
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on January 15, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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