|Phase II||Biomarker/Laboratory analysis, Treatment||Active||18 and over||NCI, Other||RTOG-0839|
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as panitumumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving these treatments before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy and radiation therapy are more effective when given with or without panitumumab in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer. (cetuximab closed as of 05/14/10)
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying chemotherapy and radiation therapy to see how well they work when given with or without panitumumab in treating patients with stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. (cetuximab closed as of 05/14/10)
Further Study Information
- Determine the mediastinal nodal clearance after completion of induction chemoradiotherapy with or without panitumumab in patients with stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. (cetuximab closed as of 05/14/10)
- Assess overall survival of these patients.
- Evaluate patterns of first failure in these patients.
- Determine the acute and late adverse events associated with these regimens.
- Assess surgical morbidities in patients with resectable disease at reassessment.
- Determine the correlation between pre- and post-treatment biomarkers (including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and ras mutation status) and outcomes (mediastinal nodal clearance and overall survival).
- Evaluate the prognostic value of plasma osteopontin and microRNA for overall survival.
- Assess the ability of FDG-PET/CT scan re-staging to predict outcome.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive induction therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, and 36. Patients also undergo intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) or 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, 22-26, 29-33, and 36-40. Beginning approximately 6-12 weeks later, patients receive consolidation therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 21.
- Arm II: Patients receive induction therapy comprising panitumumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, and 36 and paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 8, 15, 22, 29, and 36. Patients also undergo IMRT or 3D-CRT once daily on days 8-12, 15-19, 22-26, 29-33, 36-40, and 43-47. Beginning approximately 6-12 weeks later, patients receive consolidation therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 21. (cetuximab closed as of 05/14/10) In both arms, patients with resectable disease and no disease progression may proceed to surgery (thoracotomy, lobectomy, or pneumonectomy) approximately 4-6 weeks after completion of induction therapy. After surgery, patients proceed to consolidation therapy.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 weeks, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
- Histologically confirmed* non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including any of the following histologies:
- Large cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Non-lobar and non-diffuse bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma
- NSCLC not otherwise specified NOTE: *Documentation of NSCLC may originate from the mediastinal node biopsy or aspiration
- Stage IIIA (T1-T3) disease with a single primary lung parenchymal lesion AND positive ipsilateral mediastinal node or nodes (N2) with or without positive ipsilateral hilar nodes (N1)
- N2 nodes must be separate from primary tumor by either CT scan or surgical exploration
- Maximum nodal diameter cannot exceed 3.0 cm
- N2 status must be pathologically confirmed to be positive by one of the following methods*:
- Mediastinotomy (Chamberlain procedure)
- Transesophageal needle biopsy using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS-TBNA)
- Endobronchial ultrasound biopsy using endoscopic ultrasound guidance (EBUS-TBNA)
- Video-assisted thoracoscopy
- Transbronchial needle biopsy by Wang technique (TBNA)
- Fine-needle aspiration under CT guidance NOTE: *PET positivity in the ipsilateral mediastinal lymph nodes is not sufficient to establish N2 nodal status
- Ipsilateral mediastinal nodes associated with right-sided tumor must be biopsied unless all of the following are true:
- Tumor is left sided
- Paralyzed left true vocal cord documented by bronchoscopy or indirect laryngoscopy
- Nodes visible in the anterior/posterior (level 5) region on CT scan
- Distinct primary tumor separate from nodes visible on CT scan
- Histologic (biopsy) or cytologic (needle aspiration or sputum) proof of non-small cell histology from the primary tumor
- If lymph nodes in the contralateral mediastinum and neck are visible on contrast CT scan of the chest and are > 1.0 cm in short axis or if contralateral involvement is suggested by PET scan, then the nodes must be confirmed to be negative
- Measurable disease as determined by contrast-enhanced CT scan
- Primary lung tumor distinct from mediastinal lymph nodes
- Pleural effusion allowed provided one of the following criteria is met:
- If pleural fluid is present either before or after pre-study mediastinoscopy or exploratory thoracotomy, a thoracentesis must be performed to document that the pleural effusion is cytologically negative
- If pleural fluid is present on CT scan, but is deemed too small to tap safely under either CT scan or ultrasound guidance, a thoracoscopy should be done, if feasible, to document the absence of pleural metastases and to document that the pleural effusion is cytologically negative
- No palpable lymph nodes in the supraclavicular areas or higher in the neck, unless proven to be benign by fine-needle aspiration or biopsy
- No distant metastases
- Zubrod performance status 0-1
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm³
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
- Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
- Serum albumin > 3.0 g/dL
- Serum magnesium normal (supplementation allowed)
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after completion of treatment
- Forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) ≥ 2.0 L OR predicted post-resection FEV1 ≥ 0.8 L
- Diffusion capacity ≥ 50% predicted
- No other invasive malignancy within the past 3 years, except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix
- No severe, active co-morbidity, including any of the following:
- Uncontrolled cardiac disease (e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, uncontrolled congestive heart failure, or cardiomyopathy [ejection fraction < 50%])
- Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring IV antibiotics
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or that would preclude study therapy within the past 4 weeks
- Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects
- AIDS or known HIV positivity
- No unintentional weight loss ≥ 5% of body weight within the past 6 months
- No prior severe infusion reaction to a monoclonal antibody
- No pre-existing peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- No prior systemic chemotherapy or biological therapy (including erlotinib hydrochloride or similar agents) for the study cancer
- Prior chemotherapy for a different cancer allowed
- No prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiotherapy fields
- No prior therapy that specifically and directly targets the EGFR pathway
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
Radiation Therapy Oncology GroupNational Cancer Institute
|Martin J. Edelman, MD||Principal Investigator|
|UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Sue S Yom||Ph: 877-827-3222|
|McGlinn Family Regional Cancer Center at Reading Hospital and Medical Center|
|Albert Yuen||Ph: 610-988-9323|
|Salt Lake City|
|Huntsman Cancer Institute at University of Utah|
|Shamus R Carr||Ph: 801-581-4477|
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00979212
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on February 25, 2014
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