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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Risk-Adapted Chemotherapy in Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Standard-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIISupportive care, TreatmentActive1 to < 10NCI, OtherAALL0932
NCI-2011-02599, CDR0000683227, U10CA098543, COG-AALL0932, NCT01190930

Trial Description

Summary

This partially randomized phase III clinical trial is studying different combinations of risk-adapted chemotherapy regimens and their side effects and comparing how well they work in treating younger patients with newly diagnosed standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy), giving the drugs in different doses, and giving the drugs in different combinations may kill more cancer cells.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

l. To determine if a maintenance regimen containing once weekly oral methotrexate at 40 mg/m^2/week will result in an improved disease-free survival (DFS) compared to that containing weekly oral methotrexate at 20 mg/m^2/week in the average-risk (AR) subset of pediatric patients with standard-risk (SR) B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

II. To determine whether a reduced-pulses maintenance regimen with vincristine sulfate/dexamethasone pulses delivered every 12 weeks can be used without adversely impacting DFS as compared to pulses given every 4 weeks in the AR subset of patients with SR B-precursor ALL.

III. To confirm that patients in the low-risk (LR) subset of SR B-precursor ALL, based on clinical and cytogenetic features and minimal residual disease (MRD) criteria, can attain a 5-year DFS of at least 95% with either a P9904-based regimen that includes 6 courses of intermediate dose (1 g/m^2 over 24 hours) methotrexate without alkylating agents or anthracyclines (Arm LR-M), or an outpatient-based regimen identical to that of AR patients with reduced vincristine sulfate/dexamethasone pulses at 12-week intervals during maintenance (Arm LR-C).

IV. To provide standardized treatment and enhanced supportive care to children with SR Down syndrome-ALL in order to improve outcomes and facilitate further study of this biologically and clinically unique patient subgroup.

V. To improve understanding of the biology of localized B-LLy and DS B-LLy by obtaining biologic data, including FISH for recurrent cytogenetic lesions on paraffin specimen, and banking tissue for future research.

VI. To describe the 5-year EFS and overall survival (OS) of patients with Murphy Stage I and II B-LLy receiving modified AR B-ALL therapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the burden of AR-ALL therapy as measured by surveys of the child's quality of life, missed days of school/daycare/work by children and parents, family functioning, parental perception of the child's health vulnerability, physical functioning, and emotional distress overall at different time points during and at the end of therapy.

II. To assess the burden of AR-ALL therapy as measured by surveys of the child's quality of life, missed days of school/daycare/work by children and parents, family functioning, parental perception of the child's health vulnerability, physical functioning, and emotional distress by comparing children randomized to every 4-week vs every 12-week dexamethasone/vincristine sulfate pulses during maintenance therapy.

III. To characterize the onset, severity, and natural history of vincristine associated neuropathy by physical therapists (or occupational therapists) in children undergoing therapy for AR-ALL, 1) overall at different time points during and at the end of therapy, and by 2) comparing children randomized to every 4 week vs. every 12 week dexamethasone/vincristine pulses during Maintenance.

IV. To characterize the onset, severity, and natural history of vincristine associated neuropathy by physical therapists (or occupational therapists) in children undergoing therapy for AR B-ALL, 1) overall at different time points during and at the end of therapy, and by 2) comparing children randomized to every 4 week vs. every 12 week dexamethasone/vincristine pulses during Maintenance.

V. To explore the correlation of minimal marrow disease (MMD) at diagnosis and outcome for patients with B-LLy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

All patients receive induction therapy comprising intrathecal (IT) cytarabine on day 1; vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; dexamethasone orally or IV twice daily (BID) on days 1-28; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 4; and IT methotrexate* on days 8 and 29. Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive disease are eligible to transfer to COG-AALL0622 by day 15 of induction therapy and patients with high-risk (HR) or very high-risk (VHR) disease are eligible to transfer to a COG HR or VHR trial at the end of induction therapy. Patients with standard-risk disease with Down syndrome (DS) who have bone marrow minimal residual disease 0.01% are eligible to transfer to the DS stratum of the HR trial. Patients with induction failure (defined as M3 [> 25% lymphoblasts] on day 29) may be eligible for the COG VHR-acute lymphoblastic leukemia study.

NOTE: *Patients with DS also receive oral leucovorin calcium every 12 hours on days 10-11 and 31-32.

STANDARD-RISK WITH DOWN SYNDROME:

Consolidation therapy (4 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-28; IT methotrexate on days 1, 8, and 15; and oral leucovorin calcium every 12 hours on days 3-4, 10-11, and 17-18. Interim maintenance I therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41; IT methotrexate on day 31; and oral leucovorin calcium every 12 hours on days 36-34. Delayed-intensification therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive dexamethasone orally or IV BID on days 1-7 and 15-21; vincristine sulfate IV and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 4; cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29; oral thioguanine on days 29-42; cytarabine IV over 1-15 minutes or subcutaneously (SC) on days 29-32 and 33-39; IT methotrexate on days 1 and 29; and oral leucovorin calcium every 12 hours on days 3-4 and 31-32. Interim maintenance II therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41; IT methotrexate on days 1 and 31; and oral leucovorin calcium every 12 hours on days 3-4 and 33-34. Maintenance therapy: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-5; oral methotrexate on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-84; and IT methotrexate on day 1. Courses repeat every 12 weeks for 2 years (timed from the start of interim maintenance I therapy).

AVERAGE-RISK:

Consolidation therapy (4 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-28; and IT methotrexate on days 1, 8, and 15.Interim maintenance I therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41 and IT methotrexate on day 31. Delayed intensification therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive dexamethasone orally or IV BID on days 1-7 and 15-21; vincristine sulfate IV and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 4; cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29; oral thioguanine on days 29-42; cytarabine IV over 15-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39; and IT methotrexate on days 1 and 29. Interim maintenance II therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41 and IT methotrexate on days 1 and 31. Maintenance therapy: Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 maintenance therapy treatment arms.

Arm A: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 29, and 57; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-5, 29-33, and 57-61; oral methotrexate on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-84; and IT methotrexate on day 1.

Arm B: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 29, and 57; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-5, 29-33, and 57-61; higher-dose oral methotrexate on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-84; and IT methotrexate on day 1.

Arm C: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-5; oral methotrexate on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-84; and IT methotrexate on day 1.

Arm D: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-5; higher-dose oral methotrexate on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-84; and IT methotrexate on day 1.

In all arms, maintenance therapy courses repeat every 12 weeks for 2 years for girls and for 3 years for boys (timed from the start of interim maintenance I therapy).

LOW-RISK: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I (LR-M): Consolidation therapy (19 weeks): Beginning one week after completion of induction therapy, patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 15, 22, 78, and 85; methotrexate IV over 24 hours and IT methotrexate on days 8, 29, 50, 71, 92, and 113; leucovorin calcium orally or IV on days 9-10, 30-31, 51-52, 72-73, 93-94, and 114-115; dexamethasone orally or IV BID on days 15-21 and 78-84; and oral mercaptopurine on days 1-133.Maintenance therapy: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 1 and 8; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-7; oral methotrexate* on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, 78, 85, 92, 99, and 106; and oral mercaptopurine on days 1-112. Courses repeat every 16 weeks. Patients also receive IT methotrexate on days 1 and 85 (courses 1 and 4), day 57 (courses 2 and 5), or day 29 (courses 3 and 6). Patients then receive course 7 comprising vincristine sulfate IV on days 1 and 8; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-7; oral methotrexate on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, and 64; and oral mercaptopurine on days 1-70. Treatment continues for 2 and ½ years (timed from the date of diagnosis).NOTE: *Patients do not receive oral methotrexate on the days that they receive IT methotrexate.

Arm II (LR-C): Consolidation therapy (4 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-28; and IT methotrexate on days 1, 8, and 15. Interim maintenance I therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41 and IT methotrexate on day 31. Delayed-intensification therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive dexamethasone orally or IV BID on days 1-7 and 15-21; vincristine sulfate IV and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 4; cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29; oral thioguanine on days 29-42; cytarabine IV over 1-15 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39; and IT methotrexate on days 1 and 29.Interim maintenance II therapy (8 weeks): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41 and IT methotrexate on days 1 and 31. Maintenance therapy: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; oral dexamethasone BID on days 1-5; oral methotrexate on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78; oral mercaptopurine on days 1-84; and IT methotrexate on day 1. Courses repeat every 12 weeks for 2 years for girls and for 3 years for boys (timed from the start of interim maintenance I therapy).

Blood samples may be collected periodically for research studies and patients may complete quality-of-life surveys periodically.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 10 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • B-ALL patients must be enrolled on AALL08B1 prior to treatment and enrollment on AALL0932
  • Patients must have newly diagnosed NCI Standard Risk B-ALL or B-LLy Murphy Stages I or II; patients with Down syndrome are also eligible
  • Note: For B-LLy patients with tissue available for flow cytometry, the criterion for diagnosis should be analogous to B-ALL; for tissue processed by other means (i.e. paraffin blocks), the methodology and criteria for immunophenotypic analysis to establish the diagnosis of B-LLy defined by the submitting institution will be accepted
  • Meets the criteria for one of the following risk groups after induction therapy
  • Low-risk (LR) disease, defined as meeting the following criteria:
  • Favorable genetics: the presence of simultaneous trisomies of chromosome 4 and 10 (double trisomy; DT) or ETV6/RUNX1 fusion
  • Day 8 peripheral blood (PB) minimal residual disease (MRD) < 0.01%
  • Day 29 bone marrow (BM) MRD < 0.01%
  • No CNS2*, CNS3*, or testicular† leukemia
  • No steroid pretreatment
  • No Down syndrome (DS)
  • Average-risk disease, defined as meeting one of the following sets of criteria:
  • Favorable genetics: the presence of DT or ETV6/RUNX1 fusions
  • Day 8 PB MRD ≥ 0.01% or CNS2* status
  • Day 29 BM MRD < 0.01%
  • No CNS3* or testicular† leukemia
  • No DS
  • Neither favorable nor unfavorable cytogenetics‡
  • Day 8 PB MRD < 1%
  • Day 29 BM MRD < 0.01%
  • No CNS3* or testicular† leukemia
  • No DS
  • Standard-risk with Down syndrome (DS), defined as meeting the following criteria:
  • No mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-rearrangement, hypodiploidy**, or Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) disease††
  • Day 29 BM MRD < 0.01%‡‡
  • No CNS3* or testicular† leukemia
  • WBC count < 50,000/mm^3
  • No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for the current diagnosis of ALL or any cancer diagnosed previously
  • Steroids* and intrathecal cytarabine for the current diagnosis of ALL allowed
  • Inhalational steroids are not considered as pretreatment
  • Patients with testicular leukemia are not eligible for AALL0932

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

National Cancer Institute

Anne Angiolillo, MDPrincipal Investigator

Peter Adamson, MDPh: 612-624-8651
  Email: Adamson@email.chop.edu

Trial Sites

U.S.A.
New Jersey
  New Brunswick
 Saint Peter's University Hospital
 Stanley Calderwood Ph: 732-745-8600ext6163
  Email: kcovert@saintpetersuh.com

See All Trial Sites

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT01190930
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 01, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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