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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Decitabine With or Without Bortezomib in Treating Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentClosed60 and overNCINCI-2011-02987
CDR0000709218, CALGB 11002, U10CA180821, U10CA031946, NCT01420926

Trial Description

Summary

This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving decitabine with or without bortezomib works in treating older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Bortezomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether decitabine works better when given with or without bortezomib in treating acute myeloid leukemia.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine if treatment of older acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with decitabine and bortezomib significantly improves the overall survival times of older AML patients compared with decitabine alone.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the rate of complete remission (CR and CR + incomplete blood count recovery [CRi]) for each of the 2 treatment regimens in the proposal.

II. To determine the overall survival, progression-free survival, disease-free survival and for each of the treatment regimens on this study.

III. To determine whether ongoing treatment with these regimens prolongs overall survival even in the absence of complete remission.

IV. To describe the frequency and severity of adverse events, as well as the tolerability of each of these regimens in patients treated on this study.

V. To describe the interaction of pretreatment disease and patient characteristics including morphology, cytogenetics, molecular genetics, white blood cell (WBC) count, blood and bone marrow blast count, age, performance status and comprehensive geriatric assessment on clinical outcomes.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I:

REMISSION INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine intravenously (IV) over 1 hour once daily (QD) on days 1-10. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients not achieving CR or CR with CRi proceed to continuation therapy. Patients achieving CR or CR with CRi proceed to maintenance therapy.

CONTINUATION THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II:

REMISSION INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 2-11 and bortezomib subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 4, 8, and 12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients not achieving CR or CRi proceed to continuation therapy. Patients achieving CR or CR with CRi proceed to maintenance therapy.

CONTINUATION THERAPY: Patients receive bortezomib SC on day 1 and decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive bortezomib SC on day 1 and decitabine IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months for 2 years, every 3 months for 2 years, and then once a year for 6 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Unequivocal pathologic diagnosis of AML (>= 20% blasts in the bone marrow based on World Health Organization [WHO] criteria) EXCLUDING:
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia t(15;17)(q22;q12); promyelocytic leukemia (PML)-retinoic acid receptor, alpha (RARA)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22); runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1)-runt-related transcription factor 1; translocated to, 1 (RUNXT1) as determined by the Ohio State University (OSU) Molecular Reference Laboratory, per Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 20202; however patients who (1) are >= 75 years; and/or (2) have an ejection fraction of < 40%; and/or (3) have a performance status of > 2, may be registered to CALGB 20202 and registered and treated on CALGB 11002 prior to receiving the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutation and core-binding factor (CBF) molecular screening results from CALGB 20202
  • Acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13.1;q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); core-binding factor, beta subunit (CBFB)-myosin, heavy chain 11, smooth muscle (MYH11) as determined by the OSU Molecular Reference Laboratory, per CALGB 20202; however patients who (1) are >= 75 years; and/or (2) have an ejection fraction of < 40%; and/or (3) have a performance status of > 2, may be registered to CALGB 20202 and registered and treated on CALGB 11002 prior to receiving the FLT3 mutation and CBF molecular screening results from CALGB 20202
  • Absence of FLT3 mutation (internal tandem duplication [ITD] or point mutation) determined by the OSU Molecular Reference Laboratory, per CALGB 20202; however patients who (1) are >= 75 years; and/or (2) have an ejection fraction of < 40%; and/or (3) have a performance status of > 2, may be registered to CALGB 20202 and registered and treated on CALGB 11002 prior to receiving the FLT3 mutation and CBF molecular screening results from CALGB 20202
  • No prior treatment for AML except:
  • Emergency leukapheresis
  • Emergency treatment for hyperleukocytosis with hydroxyurea
  • Cranial radiotherapy (RT) for central nervous system (CNS) leukostasis (one dose only)
  • Growth factor/cytokine support
  • AML patients with an antecedent hematologic disorder (AHD) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are eligible for this trial provided that they have not received treatment for their AHD or MDS with cytotoxic chemotherapy (e.g., cytarabine, daunorubicin, etc.), decitabine, or bortezomib; patients may have been previously treated with azacitidine if their last dose was >= 90 days prior to starting 11002
  • AML patients with therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) are eligible if they have not received radiation therapy or chemotherapy (not including hormonal therapy) for their primary malignancy or disorder for > 6 months

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

Gail RobozPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT01420926
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 15, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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