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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Imatinib Mesylate or Observation Only in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Localized Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentClosed18 and overOtherEORTC-62024
ISG-62024, FRE-FNCLCC-EORTC-62024, GEIS-EORTC-62024, 2004-001810-16, EUDRACT-2004-001810-16, NCT00103168

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Imatinib mesylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving imatinib mesylate after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells. It is not yet known whether imatinib mesylate is more effective than observation only in treating gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying imatinib mesylate to see how well it works compared to observation only in treating patients who have undergone surgery for localized gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare imatinib monotherapy failure free survival of patients in the two regimens.

Secondary

  • Compare relapse-free survival,relapse-free interval and overall survival in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Determine the safety of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, risk category (high vs intermediate), tumor site (gastric vs other), and resection level (R0 vs R1). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive adjuvant oral imatinib mesylate once daily for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients are observed (without receiving further antitumoral therapy) every 3 months for 2 years.

After completion of study treatment, patients in arm I are followed every 3 months for 2 years. All patients are then followed every 4 months for 3 years and at least annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 750 patients will be accrued for this study within 5 years.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed gastrointestinal stromal tumor
  • Localized disease
  • Meets 1 of the following criteria:
  • At high-risk of relapse, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • Tumor size > 10 cm
  • Mitotic rate > 10/50 high-power field (HPF)
  • Tumor size > 5 cm AND mitotic rate > 5/50 HPF
  • At intermediate-risk of relapse, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • Tumor size < 5 cm AND mitotic rate 6-10/50 HPF
  • Tumor size 5-10 cm AND mitotic rate < 5/50 HPF
  • Tumor must stain positive for Kit (CD117) by polyclonal DAKO antibody staining
  • Must have undergone complete resection of the primary tumor at least 2 weeks, but no more than 3 months, before study entry
  • Meets criteria for 1 of the following resection levels:
  • R0 (clear margins)
  • R1, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • Margins of resection are contaminated by tumor, but no macroscopic tumor is left behind
  • Intraoperative tumor rupture
  • Shelling-out procedure
  • Endoscopic maneuver
  • No residual macroscopic disease after surgery
  • Regional positive lymph nodes allowed provided they have been macroscopically excised
  • No distant metastases*, including any of the following:
  • Peritoneal lesion not contiguous to the primary tumor
  • Liver metastases
  • Hemoperitoneal metastases NOTE: *Even if a complete resection (R0) was performed

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (transfusions allowed)

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • No uncontrolled liver disease
  • No chronic viral hepatitis at risk of reactivation

Renal

  • Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN
  • No uncontrolled chronic renal disease

Cardiovascular

  • No New York Heart Association class III-IV cardiac disease
  • No congestive heart failure
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 2 months

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for up to 3 months after study participation
  • No uncontrolled diabetes
  • No uncontrolled active infection
  • No HIV infection
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance or participation
  • No other severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • No other prior molecular targeted or biologic therapy
  • No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF) to support blood counts
  • No concurrent anticancer biologic agents

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy for gastrointestinal stromal tumors
  • No concurrent anticancer chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent anticancer radiotherapy

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior non-curative surgery allowed (e.g., surgery with main diagnostic intent or emergency surgery with symptomatic intent)

Other

  • No prior imatinib mesylate
  • No prior randomization to this study
  • No concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation with coumarin derivatives
  • Concurrent therapeutic low-molecular weight heparin or mini-dose coumarin derivatives (equivalent to oral warfarin 1 mg/day) allowed for prophylaxis of central venous catheter thrombosis
  • No other concurrent antitumoral therapy
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer

Italian Sarcoma Group

Federation Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer

Grupo Espanol de Investigacion en Sarcomas

Paolo G. CasaliStudy Chair

Axel Le Cesne, MDStudy Chair

Andres PovedaStudy Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00103168
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 12, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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