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Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentClosed1 to 18NCI, OtherTOTXV
R37CA036401, P30CA021765, NCT00137111

Trial Description

Summary

The primary objective is to estimate the overall event-free survival of children at least one year of age at diagnosis who are treated with risk-directed therapy and to monitor the molecular remission induction rate.

Further Study Information

These are the following secondary objectives:

  • To determine if CNS irradiation can be safely omitted in the context of the systemic therapy used in the protocol.
  • To identify whether prolonged (24 hour) intravenous infusions of HDMTX produce greater methotrexate polyglutamate (MTXPG) accumulation than short (4 hour) infusions 42 hours after 1 gm/m2 of HDMTX, stratified for lineage (T- vs B-lineage) and ploidy (hyperdiploid vs non-hyperdiploid B-lineage).
  • To determine whether prolonged (24 hour) intravenous infusions of HDMTX produce greater antileukemic effects than short (4 hour) infusions, based on the inhibition of de novo purine synthesis in bone marrow blasts and the decrease in circulating blasts during the 4 day "window" prior to initiation of conventional remission induction therapy.
  • MRD
  • Other exploratory objectives

Details of Treatment Plan

Treatment will consist of three main phases, Remission Induction, Consolidation, and Continuation. Treatment with an Upfront HDMTX Window for research purposes will be optional.

All patients will receive IT therapy on day 1, dose is age dependent.

Upfront High-Dose Methotrexate Window

HDMTX (1 g/m2) as a 4 hour infusion versus as a 24 hour infusion. Leucovorin rescue will be given.

Remission Induction

Prednisone 40 mg/m2/day PO Days 5 - 32 Vincristine 1.5 mg/m2/week IV Days 5, 12, 19, 26 Daunorubicin 25 mg/m2/week IV Days 5, 12 L-asparaginase 10,000 Unit/m2/dose IM Days 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 (19, 21, 23) Cyclophosphamide 1000 mg/m2/dose IV Day 26 Cytarabine 75 mg/m2/dose IV Days 27-30, 34-37 6-Mercaptopurine 60 mg/m2/dose PO Days 26-39 Imatinib 40 mg/m2 bid for Ph positive patients starting Day 22 of induction. Intrathecal therapy will be administered on day 1 and 19, dose age dependent. Patients with high risk of CNS relapse will receive additional IT treatments on days 8 and 26.

Consolidation Treatment

High dose methotrexate targeted dose depending on risk status, days 1, 15, 29, and 43 and mercaptopurine 50 mg/m2/day, days 1-56.

Reintensification treatment for patients with high risk disease:

Patients with high risk disease will be offered the option of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) and may receive an additional 1-2 cycles of reintensification treatment prior to maximize the anti-leukemic kill before transplant.

Dexamethasone 20 mg/m2 PO days 1-3 Cytarabine 2 g/m2 IV x 4 doses, days 3-5 Etoposide 100 mg/m2 IV x 5 doses, days 3-5 L-asparaginase 25,000 Units/m2 IM day 6 Intrathecal treatment Day 5

Continuation Treatment (lasts 120 weeks for girls and 146 weeks for boys)

Treatment will depend on risk classification: low versus standard versus high risk

Treatment weeks 1 to 20:

Week Standard/High Risk Low Risk

1. DEX + DOX + VCR + 6MP + ASP 6MP + DEX + VCR

2. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

3. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

4. DEX + DOX + VCR + 6MP + ASP 6MP + DEX + VCR

5. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

6. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

7. Reinduction I§ Reinduction I

8. Reinduction I Reinduction I

9. Reinduction I Reinduction I

10. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

11. DOX + VCR + 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

12. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

13. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

14. DEX + DOX + VCR + 6MP + ASP 6MP + DEX + VCR

15. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

16. 6MP + ASP 6MP + MTX

17. Reinduction II Reinduction II

18. Reinduction II Reinduction II

19. Reinduction II Reinduction II

20. No chemotherapy 6MP + MTX

Dexamethasone 12 mg/m2 (std/high risk) or 8 mg/m2 (low risk) PO daily (tid) x 5 days, Days 1-5 Doxorubicin 30 mg/m2 IV, Day 1 Vincristine 2.0 mg/m2 IV push (max. 2 mg), Day 1 Mercaptopurine 50 mg/m2 PO daily x 7 days (std/high risk), Days 1-7 75 mg/m2 PO daily x 7 days (low risk), Days 1-7 L-asparaginase 25,000 Unit/m2 IM, Day 1 Methotrexate 40 mg/m2 IV or IM, Day 1

Reinduction I and II

This phase of treatment will be started at weeks 7 and 17 after bone marrow examination confirms complete remission. Reinduction treatment will be given twice: weeks 7 to 9 and weeks 17 to 19 for all patients.

Reinduction I for Standard/High Risk ALL:

Dexamethasone 8 mg/m2/day PO (t.i.d.) Days 1-8, 15, 21, Vincristine 1.5 mg/m2/week IV (max 2 mg) Days 1, 8, 15, Doxorubicin 30 mg/m2 Days 1, 8, L-asparaginase 25,000 Unit/m2 IM Days 1, 8, 15, Intrathecal chemotherapy, dose age dependent Day 1.

Reinduction II for Standard/High Risk ALL:

Dexamethasone 8 mg/m2/day PO (t.i.d.) Days 1-8, 15-21, Vincristine 1.5 mg/m2/week IV (max 2 mg) Days 1, 8, 15, L-asparaginase 25,000 Unit/m2, weekly IM Days 1, 8, 17, Intrathecal chemotherapy, dose age dependent Day 1 High-dose cytarabine 2 gm/m2 IV q 12 Days 15, 16

Reinduction I and II for Low Risk ALL Dexamethasone 8 mg/m2/day PO (t.i.d.) Days 1-8, 15-21 Vincristine 1.5 mg/m2/week IV (max 2 mg), Days 1, 8, 15 L-asparaginase 10,000 Unit/m2/thrice weekly IM Days 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19 Doxorubicin 30 mg/m2/week IV Day 1 Intrathecal chemotherapy, dose age dependent on Day 1

Treatment Weeks 21 to end of therapy Week Standard/High Risk Low Risk

21. 6MP + MTX 6MP + MTX

22. 6MP + MTX 6MP + MTX

23. Cyclo + Ara-C 6MP + MTX

24. DEX + VCR 6MP + DEX + VCR

25. 6MP + MTX 6MP + MTX

26. 6MP + MTX 6MP + MTX

27. Cyclo + Ara-C 6MP + MTX

28. DEX + VCR 6MP + DEX + VCR

Mercaptopurine 75 mg/m2 PO, daily x 7 days, Days 1-7 Methotrexate 40 mg/m2 IV or IM, Day 1 Cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 IV, Day 1 Cytarabine 300 mg/m2 IV, Day 1 Dexamethasone 12 mg/m2 (std/high risk) or 8 mg/m2 (low risk) PO daily (tid) x 5, Day 1-5 Vincristine 2.0 mg/m2 IV push (max. 2 mg), Day 1

The same treatment (weeks 21-28) will be repeated for a total of 6 times (until week 68). After week 68, all patients will receive daily 6MP and weekly MTX with pulses of dexamethasone and vincristine every 4 weeks until week 100, after which only 6MP and methotrexate will be given. Intrathecal treatment will be given every 8 weeks only to patients at high risk of CNS relapse after week 48 and will be discontinued after week 96. Continuation therapy will be discontinued after 120 weeks in girls and after 146 weeks in boys

Patients who meet the criteria of high-risk ALL are candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, if the option is declined by the patients or guardians, or the procedure is deemed unsuitable by the attending physician and the principal investigator, the patient will remain on study and continue to receive chemotherapy

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of non-B-cell ALL by immunophenotyping, as determined by the reactivity pattern to a panel of monoclonal antibodies with flow cytometry as well as morphology and cytochemical staining.
  • Age range: 1 to 18 years (inclusive).

Exclusion Criteria:

• Previously treated with chemotherapy for one week or longer.

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

National Cancer Institute

Ching-Hon Pui, M.D.Principal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00137111
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 17, 2013

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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