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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Radiotherapy With Cisplatin Versus Radiotherapy With Cetuximab After Induction Chemotherapy for Larynx Preservation

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentCompleted18 to 75OtherGORTEC-TREMPLIN
NCT00169247

Trial Description

Summary

Larynx preservation remains a very challenging approach in patients with larynx/pharynx cancer. A first attempt consisted of induction chemotherapy followed in good responders by irradiation. This approach allowed to preserve 60 % of the larynx without any significant difference in survival. The second attempt consisted of concurrent chemo-irradiation. This approach provided a higher larynx preservation rate but survival remained unchanged and mucosal toxicity was also higher. A third approach is currently under evaluation: induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemo-irradiation in good responders.

Further Study Information

At ASCO 2004 there were 3 major presentations issuing an increasing in survival:

  • the update of the MACH-NC meta-analysis showed that actually only concurrent chemo-irradiation trials found a significantly improved survival (in particular the addition of cisplatinum alone to radiotherapy)
  • the addition of docetaxel to the cisplatinum-5FU regimen (TPF) when compared with cisplatinum--5FU (PF)
  • the addition of cetuximab to irradiation

On this basis we decided to carry-out a randomized phase II for previously untreated patients requiring a total laryngectomy:

All patients after a complete work-up including a CTscan will receive 3 cycles of TPF(T: 75 mg/m², P: 75 mg/m² and 5FU 750 mg/m²).

Patients with response over 50 % (endoscopy and CTscan) will be randomized to receive either irradiation (70 Gy) and cisplatinum (100 mg/m² on D1, D22 and D43) or irradiation (70 Gy) with cetuximab (loading dose of 400 mg followed by weekly 250 mg for a total of 8 cycles.

Patients with less than 50% decease in tumour volume after TPF, patients with residual or recurrent disease after either RT-CDDP or RT-cetuximab will get salvage total laryngectomy.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Larynx or hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma proven by histology, locally advanced, only eligible for surgery as total or sub-total (pharyngo-)laryngectomy
  • Performance status 0-1
  • Neutrophils >=1.5 x 109/l, Platelets count >=100 x 109/l, haemoglobin >=10 g/dl
  • Total bilirubin <= 1.5 x upper reference range
  • ASAT and ALAT <= 2.5 x upper reference range, Alkaline Phosphatases <= 5 x upper reference range
  • Serum creatinine <= 120 µmol/l
  • Weight loss < 10 % within last 3 months
  • Written inform consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infiltrative transglottic tumor or clinical cartilage invasion
  • Distant metastasis
  • Previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy
  • Contra-indication to chemotherapy

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Groupe Oncologie Radiotherapie Tete et Cou

Groupe d'Etude des Tumeurs de la Tête Et du Cou

Jean-Louis LefebvrePrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00169247
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 17, 2013

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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