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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

TITLE:Less Intensive Therapy for Children With Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentCompletedover 6 months to under 21NCI, Other5961
COG-C5961, CCG-5961, SFOP-LMB-96, CCLG-NHL-9600, EU-96048, CDR0000064702, NCT00002757

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Less intensive therapy may attain in the same results as intensive therapy in children with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of less intensive therapy for children who have non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

  • Confirm the previously found excellent survival for low-risk patients (Group A) with B-cell lymphoma/leukemia treated with the LMB 89 regimen.
  • Verify that good event-free survival is retained in intermediate-risk patients (Group B) when the dose of cyclophosphamide (CTX) or the number of CTX-containing regimens is reduced.
  • Verify that good event-free survival is retained in high-risk patients (Group C) despite reduction in doses during consolidation therapy and a reduced number of maintenance courses, and, for patients with CNS involvement, additional intravenous and intrathecal methotrexate in place of cranial irradiation.
  • Monitor survival and event-free survival of all patients registered prior to the first chemotherapy course.
  • Compare the survival and event-free survival of Group C patients with CNS involvement against results from those treated on the LMB 89 study.
  • Compare event-free survival and survival of patients with large cell and Burkitt's and Burkitt's-like lymphoma.
  • Monitor the long-term toxicity in patients treated on this study, including fertility, cardiotoxicity, and secondary malignancy.
  • Characterize further the biology of childhood small non-cleaved cell lymphoma with respect to drug resistance (i.e., topoisomerase II and MDR activity), viral association (i.e., Epstein-Barr virus, human immunodeficiency virus, human herpesvirus 6), and specific breakpoint translocations (i.e., IgH and C-myc) per companion study CCG-B944.
  • Characterize further the biology of childhood mature B-cell lymphoma per UKCCSG studies.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to participating group (UKCCSG vs SFOP vs CCG), histology (large cell vs small non-cleaved cell), risk group (Group A vs Group B vs Group C). Stage III Group B patients are further stratified according to Murphy stage (stages I/II vs III vs III/IV) and by LDH (less than twice normal vs twice normal or higher). Group C patients are further stratified based on presence of CNS disease (yes vs no).

Patients with resected stage I and resected abdominal-only stage II disease are treated on the Group A Regimen. Patients with unresected stage I/II, stage III, or CNS-negative stage IV disease with fewer than 25% blasts in bone marrow are treated on the Group B Regimen. Patients with 25% or more blasts in bone marrow or with CNS involvement (i.e., L3 blasts in CSF, cranial nerve palsy, clinical spinal cord compression, isolated intracerebral mass, or parameningeal cranial or spinal extension) are treated on the Group C Regimen.

The following acronyms are used:

  • ARA-C Cytarabine, NSC-63878
  • CF Leucovorin calcium, NSC-3590
  • COP CTX/VCR/PRED (or PRDL)
  • COPAD CTX/VCR/PRED (or PRDL)/DOX
  • COPADM CTX/VCR/PRED (or PRDL)/DOX/MTX
  • CTX Cyclophosphamide, NSC-26271
  • CYM ARA- C/MTX
  • CYVE ARA-C/VP-16
  • DOX Doxorubicin, NSC-123127
  • G-CSF Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (Amgen), NSC-614629
  • HC Hydrocortisone, NSC-10483
  • HD High Dose
  • MTX Methotrexate, NSC-740
  • PRDL Prednisolone, NSC-9900
  • PRED Prednisone, NSC-10023
  • TIT Triple Intrathecal Chemotherapy (IT MTX/IT HC/IT ARA-C)
  • VCR Vincristine, NSC-67574
  • VP-16 Etoposide, NSC-141540

Group A Regimen (Low-Risk Patients)

  • Induction: Patients receive COPAD: VCR IV on days 1 and 6, oral PRED (or IV) twice daily on days 1-5, then tapered over 3 days, CTX IV over 15 minutes every 12 hours on days 1-3, and DOX IV over 6 hours on day 1 starting after the first CTX dose. G-CSF SC is administered until hematopoietic recovery beginning on day 7. Patients receive a second course beginning on day 21.

Group B Regimen (Intermediate-Risk Patients)

  • Induction 1: Patients receive CTX IV over 15 minutes on day 1, VCR IV on day 1, and oral PRED on days 1-7, and MTX IT and HC IT on day 1. Patients with responding disease proceed with COPADM. Patients with no response proceed to treatment on arm I of the Group C Regimen.
  • COPADM 1: Patients receive VCR IV on day 8, oral PRED twice daily on days 8-12, then tapered over 3 days, MTX IV over 3 hours on day 8, oral CF every 6 hours for 12 doses beginning 24 hours after start of MTX, CTX IV over 15 minutes every 12 hours on days 9-11, and DOX IV over 6 hours on day 9 beginning after the first CTX dose. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. MTX IT and HC IT are given on days 9 and 13.
  • Group B patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatments following recovery and disease assessment:

Arm I:

  • Induction 2 (begins no sooner than 16 days after start of COPADM 1): Patients receive COPADM 2 according to the same schedule as in COPADM 1 in Induction 1 except CTX is increased. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. Patients receive MTX IT and HC IT on days 2 and 6.
  • Consolidation: Patients receive CYM: MTX IV over 3 hours on day 1, oral CF every 6 hours for a maximum of 12 doses beginning 24 hours after the start of MTX, and ARA-C IV over 24 hours on days 2-6. Patients receive TIT: MTX IT on day 2, HC IT on days 2 and 7, and ARA-C IT on day 7.
  • Response is assessed upon recovery with resection of residual masses. If histology is negative patients proceed to a second course of CYM. If histology is positive patients proceed to CYVE on arm I of the Group C Regimen.
  • Maintenance: Patients receive COPADM 3 as in COPADM 1 in Induction 1, except CTX IV is administered over 30 minutes on days 2 and 3, and MTX IT and HC IT are administered on day 2.

Arm II:

  • Induction 2: Patients receive COPADM 2 as in arm I of the Group B Regimen. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. MTX IT and HC IT are administered as in Induction 1.
  • Consolidation: Patients receive CYM, TIT, and response assessment as in arm I of the Group B Regimen.
  • Maintenance: Patients receive no maintenance therapy.

Arm III:

  • Induction 2: Patients receive COPADM 2 as in COPADM 1 in Induction 1. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. Patients receive MTX IT and HC IT as in Induction 1.
  • Consolidation: Patients receive CYM, TIT, and response assessment as in arm I of the Group B Regimen.
  • Maintenance: Patients receive COPADM 3 as in arm I of the Group B Regimen. Patients receive MTX IT and HC IT on day 2.

Arm IV:

  • Induction 2: Patients receive COPADM 2 as in COPADM 1 in Induction 1. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. Patients receive MTX IT and HC IT as in Induction 1.
  • Consolidation: Patients receive CYM, TIT, and response assessment as in arm I of the Group B Regimen.
  • Maintenance: Patients receive no maintenance therapy.

Group C Regimen (High-Risk Patients)

  • Induction: Patients receive COP as in Induction 1 of the Group B Regimen, TIT on days 1, 3, and 5, and oral CF every 12 hours on days 2 and 4. Tumor response is evaluated on day 7 and treatment decisions are made as in Induction 1 of the Group B Regimen. Patients receive COPADM 1 as in COPADM 1 in Induction 1 of the Group B Regimen except HD MTX IV is given over 4 hours on day 1. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. TIT is given on days 2, 4, and 6. Patients receive COPADM 2 as in COPADM 2 in arm I of the Group B Regimen, Induction 2 except HD MTX IV is given over 4 hours on day 1. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. Patients receive TIT on days 2, 4, and 6.
  • Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms upon recovery and disease assessment:

Arm I:

  • Consolidation: Patients receive CYVE: ARA-C IV on days 1-5, and VP-16 IV over 2 hours on days 2-5. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. For patients with CNS disease: MTX IT and HC IT on day 1, 6 hours prior to initiation of ARA-C, HD MTX IV over 4 hours, about day 18, oral CF every 6 hours for a maximum of 12 doses, beginning 24 hours after starting MTX, and TIT prior to beginning CF.
  • Response is assessed upon recovery with resection of residual masses. Patients with a complete response receive a second course of CYVE (no HD MTX/CF), beginning 1 week after HD MTX.
  • Maintenance (28 days between courses):
  • Course 1: Patients receive COPADM as in arm I Maintenance in the Group B Regimen, except HD MTX is administered as in Group C Induction, and TIT is given on day 2 replacing MTX IT and HC.
  • Course 2: Patients receive CYVE: ARA-C IV every 12 hours on days 1-5, and VP-16 IV over 90 minutes on days 1-3.
  • Course 3: Patients receive COPAD as in Group B Induction 1, except CTX IV is administered over 30 minutes on days 1 and 2.
  • Course 4: Patients receive treatment identical to Course 2.

Arm II:

  • Consolidation: Patients receive Mini-CYVE: ARA-C IV on days 1-5, and VP-16 IV over 1 hour on days 2-5. G-CSF is administered as in the Group A Regimen. For patients with CNS disease: MTX IT and HC IT as in arm I in the Group C Regimen, and HD MTX, CF, and TIT as in arm I in the Group C Regimen.
  • Response is assessed upon recovery with resection of residual masses. Patients with a complete response receive a second course of CYVE (no HD MTX and CF) beginning 1 week after HD MTX.
  • Maintenance: Patients receive COPADM and TIT as in arm I of the Group C Regimen in Course 1 for 1 course only.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 6 months, every 6 months for 2.5 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 900 patients will be accrued for this study within 5 years. Yearly accrual is expected to be 20 Group A patients, 115 Group B patients, and 45 Group C patients.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • One of the following diagnoses:
  • Newly diagnosed B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) categories II 9, 10, and 11, i.e.:
  • Diffuse large cell
  • Burkitt's
  • High-grade B-cell, Burkitt's-like
  • L3 leukemia with greater than 5% blasts in bone marrow
  • No anaplastic large cell Ki1-positive lymphomas
  • Immunophenotype and Murphy stage required prior to randomization

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • Over 6 months to under 21 years
  • Maximum age 18 years in France and the United Kingdom

Other:

  • No congenital immunodeficiency
  • No prior organ transplantation
  • No prior malignancy
  • Not HIV positive
  • Available for at least 36 months of follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Steroids initiated no more than 72 hours prior to entry allowed
  • Bone marrow and cerebrospinal fluid examination required prior to steroids

Radiotherapy:

  • Emergency radiotherapy initiated no more than 72 hours prior to entry allowed

Surgery:

  • Not specified

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

National Cancer Institute

Societe Francaise Oncologie Pediatrique

Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group

Mitchell S. CairoStudy Chair

Catherine Patte, MDStudy Chair

Mary P. GerrardStudy Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00002757
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 12, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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