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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Infants With Malignant Brain or Spinal Cord Tumors

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase ITreatmentCompleted6 months to less than 3 yearsNCI, Other99703
COG-99703, CCG-99703, CDR0000065924, NCT00003141

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctors to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating infants with malignant brain or spinal cord tumors.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of thiotepa in infants with malignant brain or spinal cord tumors receiving intensive chemotherapy.
  • Determine the feasibility and toxicity of intensive chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) rescue in these patients.
  • Assess the feasibility of harvesting PBSCs in these patients.
  • Determine the complete response rate and overall event-free survival rate in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot, multicenter study.

Patients undergo surgery for diagnosis and maximal tumor resection.

Within 6 weeks of surgery or when stable, patients begin induction chemotherapy comprising cisplatin IV over 6 hours on day 0; vincristine IV on days 0, 7, and 14; cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 1-2; and etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 0-2. Twenty four hours after the last cyclophosphamide dose, patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) and undergo peripheral blood stem cell harvest 2 days later. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Within 6 weeks after induction chemotherapy, patients receive consolidation chemotherapy comprising carboplatin IV over 2 hours on days 0-1 followed immediately by escalating doses of thiotepa IV over 2 hours. Patients then undergo peripheral blood stem cell transplantation 48 hours after the last thiotepa dose. Patients receive G-CSF SC daily on days 3 to 21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients experiencing dose-limiting toxicity due to thiotepa are removed from the study.

Patients are followed at 4 weeks, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually for 3 years or until relapse.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 83 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven malignant brain or spinal cord tumor, including the following:
  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
  • Ganglioneuroblastoma
  • Medulloblastoma neuroblastoma
  • Desmoplastic medulloblastoma
  • Medulloepithelioma
  • Ependymoma neuroepithelioma
  • Anaplastic ependymoma germ cell tumor
  • Astrocytoma germinoma
  • Anaplastic astrocytoma
  • Embryonal carcinoma
  • Glioblastoma endodermal sinus tumor
  • Gliosarcoma malignant teratoma
  • Choroid plexus carcinoma
  • Mixed germ cell tumor
  • Cerebellar sarcoma
  • Pineoblastoma
  • Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor
  • Choriocarcinoma
  • Teratoma (malignant or with malignant transformations)
  • Diffusely involved brain stem tumors allowed if there is evidence of brain stem glioma by CT scan or MRI

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 6 months to less than 3 years

Performance Status:

  • Not specified

Life Expectancy:

  • More than 8 weeks

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL

Renal:

  • Glomerular filtration rate or creatinine clearance greater than 70 mL/min

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No prior biologic therapy

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Prior corticosteroids allowed

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • No more than 6 weeks since prior surgery
  • Recovered from prior surgery (stable)

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

National Cancer Institute

Bruce H. CohenStudy Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00003141
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 12, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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