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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Alisertib in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors or Leukemia

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted1 to 21NCI, OtherADVL0921
NCI-2011-02051, CDR0000680512, U10CA098543, COG-ADVL0921, NCT01154816

Trial Description

Summary

This phase II trial is studying the side effects of and how well alisertib works in treating young patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors or leukemia. Alisertib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the objective response rate to MLN8237 (alisertib) in children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors and leukemias, administered once daily for 7 days every 21 days.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To further define and describe the toxicities of MLN8237 administered on this schedule.

II. To further characterize the pharmacokinetics of MLN8237 in children with refractory cancer.

III. To evaluate aurora A kinase expression using immunohistochemistry in solid tumors and leukemic blasts from tissue obtained at diagnosis and, if available, at relapse.

IV. To explore the relationship between polymorphic variations in the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene UGT1A1 and exposure to MLN8237, and to assess 2 common polymorphic variants in the aurora A kinase gene, Phe31Ile and Val57Ile.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to type of tumor (measurable neuroblastoma vs neuroblastoma with metaiodobenzylguanidine [MIBG]-positive lesions vs osteosarcoma vs Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor [PNET] vs rhabdosarcoma vs non-rhabdomyosarcoma [RMS] soft tissue sarcoma vs hepatoblastoma vs malignant germ cell tumor vs Wilms tumor vs acute myeloid leukemia [AML] vs acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL] vs rhabdoid tumors).

Patients receive alisertib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-7. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 35 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Plasma samples are collected from all patients at baseline and periodically during course 1 for pharmacokinetic and other studies.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up for 5 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or at relapse, to include any of the following malignancies (no other histology is eligible):
  • Neuroblastoma- measurable
  • Neuroblastoma- MIBG evaluable
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma/Peripheral PNET
  • Non-RMS soft tissue sarcoma
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Malignant germ cell tumor
  • Wilms tumor
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Rhabdoid malignancy
  • Disease status for solid tumor patients:
  • Patients must have radiographically measurable disease (with the exception of neuroblastoma)
  • Measurable disease is defined as the presence of at least one lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan that can be accurately measured with the longest diameter a minimum of 20 mm in at least one dimension; for spiral CT, measurable disease is defined as a minimum diameter of 10 mm in at least one dimension
  • Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
  • Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
  • Bone marrow infiltration
  • Lesions detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans)
  • Elevated tumor markers in plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
  • Previously irradiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
  • Patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have MIBG+ evaluable disease are eligible
  • Disease status for leukemia patients:
  • Patients with leukemia must be recurrent or refractory to at least two prior induction or treatment regimens, in addition to the following criteria:
  • Acute lymphoid leukemia:
  • 25% blasts in the bone marrow (M3 bone marrow), excluding patients with known central nervous system (CNS) disease
  • Acute myeloid leukemia according to FAB classification
  • ≥ 5 % blasts in the bone marrow (M2/M3 bone marrow); excluding patients with known CNS disease
  • Rhabdoid tumors:
  • To be eligible for enrollment in the rhabdoid tumors stratum, the patient must have a solid tumor where the institutional pathological evaluation of the tumor at initial diagnosis or relapse has confirmed:
  • Morphology and immunophenotypic panel consistent with rhabdoid tumor (required)
  • Loss of SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily b, member 1 (INI1) confirmed by immunohistochemistry, or
  • Molecular confirmation of tumor-specific bi-allelic INI1 loss/mutation if INI1 immunohistochemistry is not available; note that molecular confirmation of tumor-specific bi-allelic INI1 loss/mutation is encouraged in cases where INI1 immunohistochemistry is equivocal
  • Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score of ≥ 50, corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) categories 0, 1 or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients ≤ 16 years of age; Note: Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
  • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to study enrollment
  • Myelosuppressive chemotherapy:
  • Solid tumors:
  • Patients with solid tumors must not have received myelosuppressive chemotherapy within 3 weeks of enrollment onto this study (6 weeks if prior nitrosourea)
  • Leukemia:
  • Patients with leukemia who relapse while receiving standard maintenance therapy will not be required to have a waiting period before enrollment onto this study
  • Patients who relapse while they are not receiving standard maintenance therapy must have completely recovered from all acute toxic effects of chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy prior to study enrollment; at least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic therapy, with the exception of hydroxyurea
  • Note: cytoreduction with hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours prior to the start of MLN8237
  • At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a growth factor; at least 14 days must have elapsed after receiving pegfilgrastim
  • At least 7 days must have elapsed since completion of therapy with a biologic agent; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period prior to enrollment must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur
  • At least 3 half-lives must have elapsed since prior therapy that included a monoclonal antibody
  • ≥ 2 weeks must have elapsed since local palliative radiation therapy (XRT) (small port); ≥ 6 weeks must have elapsed since treatment with therapeutic doses of MIBG; ≥ 6 months must have elapsed if prior craniospinal XRT was received, if ≥ 50% of the pelvis was irradiated, or if total body irradiation (TBI) was received; ≥ 6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation was given
  • No evidence of active graft vs. host disease and ≥ 3 months must have elapsed since transplant
  • For patients with solid tumors without bone marrow involvement:
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment)
  • Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
  • For patients with solid tumors and known bone marrow metastatic disease:
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 750/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL
  • Transfusions are permitted to meet both the platelet and hemoglobin criteria; patients must not be known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet transfusions
  • Patients with leukemia must not be known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet transfusions
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
  • 1 to < 2 years: 0.6
  • 2 to < 6 years: 0.8
  • 6 to < 10 years: 1
  • 10 to < 13 years: 1.2
  • 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
  • >= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) ≤ 5.0 x ULN for age (≤ 225 U/L); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
  • Serum albumin ≥ 2 g/dL
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding are not eligible for this study; negative pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study therapy; breastfeeding women are excluded
  • Growth factors that support platelet or white cell number or function must not have been administered within the 7 days prior to enrollment (14 days if pegfilgrastim)
  • Patients requiring corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for the 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
  • Use of daily benzodiazepine therapy excludes a patient from being eligible because of the potential benzodiazepine-like effects of MLN8237
  • Patients who are currently receiving digoxin, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or sirolimus are not eligible
  • Patients who are unable to swallow tablets are not eligible
  • Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
  • Leukemia patients with CNS disease are not eligible
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

National Cancer Institute

Yael MossePrincipal Investigator

Trial Sites

U.S.A.
Alabama
  Birmingham
 UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center
 Alyssa T Reddy Ph: 205-934-0309
New Jersey
  Summit
 Overlook Hospital
 Steven L Halpern Ph: 973-971-5900
New Mexico
  Albuquerque
 University of New Mexico Cancer Center
 Koh B Boayue Ph: 505-272-6972
Oregon
  Portland
 Legacy Emanuel Hospital and Health Center and Children's Hospital
 Janice F Olson Ph: 503-413-2560
Pennsylvania
  Philadelphia
 Children's Oncology Group
 Yael P. Mosse Ph: 215-590-0965
  Email: mosse@chop.edu

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT01154816
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 20, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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