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NCI Drug Dictionary

NCI Drug Dictionary

  

quinacrine dihydrochloride 
The dihydrochloride salt of the 9-aminoacridine derivative quinacrine with potential antineoplastic and antiparasitic activities. Quinacrine may inhibit the transcription and activity of both basal and inducible nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which may result in the induction of tumor suppressor p53 transcription, the restoration of p53-dependent apoptotic pathways, and tumor cell apoptosis. Continuous NF-kappaB signaling, present in many tumors and in chronic inflammatory processes, promotes the expression of antiapoptotic proteins and cytokines while downregulating the expression of proapoptotic proteins, such as p53. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonyms:atabrine dihydrochloride
mepacrine dihydrochoride
Code name:SN 390
Chemical structure:6-chloro-9-((4-(diethylamino)-1-methylbutyl)amino)-2-methoxyacridine dihydrochloride