Questions About Cancer? 1-800-4-CANCER

NCI-Designated Cancer Centers

  • Posted: 08/13/2012

Nobel Laureates

The Nobel Foundation awards prizes annually for outstanding achievements in several areas, including chemistry and physiology or medicine. Since the inception of the cancer centers program, institutions affiliated with the NCI have been home to many Nobel laureates. The list below indicates awardees, the NCI-designated cancer centers with which they were affiliated when they were honored, and the research for which they earned the award.

For more information about the Nobel prize, visit www.nobelprize.org

Elizabeth H. Blackburn
2009 - UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Carol W. Greider
2009 - Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University
"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Jack W. Szostak
2009 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Roger Tsien
2008 - Moores Cancer Center at the University of California - San Diego
"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"
Mario Capecchi
2007 - Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah
"for the discovery of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
Oliver Smithies
2007 - UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
"for the discovery of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
Andrew Fire
2006 - Stanford Cancer Institute
"for the discovery of RNA interference gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"
Roger Kornberg
2006 - Stanford Cancer Institute
"for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription"
Richard Axel
2004 - Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
"for the discovery of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
Linda B. Buck
2004 - Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
"for the discovery of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
Irwin A. Rose
2004 - Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of California - Irvine
"for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation"
Peter Agre
2003 - Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University
"for the discovery of water channels in cell membranes"
H. Robert Horvitz
2002 - David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
"for the discovery concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death"
Leland Hartwell
2001 - Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
"for the discovery of key regulators of the cell cycle"
Peter C. Doherty
1996 - St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
"for the discovery concerning the specificity of the cell-mediated immune defense"
Phillip A. Sharp
1993 - David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
"for the discovery of split genes"
Joseph E. Murray
1990 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for discoveries that have enabled the development of organ and cell transplantation into a method for the treatment of human disease"
E. Donnall Thomas
1990 - Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
"for discoveries that have enabled the development of organ and cell transplantation into a method for the treatment of human disease"
J. Michael Bishop
1989 - UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
"for the discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes"
Sidney Altman
1989 - Yale Cancer Center at Yale University School of Medicine
"for the discovery of catalytic properties of RNA"
Thomas Cech
1989 - University of Colorado Cancer Center
"for the discovery of catalytic properties of RNA"
Harold E. Varmus
1989 - UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
"for the discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes"
Susumu Tonegawa
1987 - David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
"for discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity"
Stanley Cohen
1986 - Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
"for the discovery of growth factors"
Barbara McClintock
1983 - Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Cancer Center
"for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"
David H. Hubel
1981 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"
Torsten Wiesel
1981 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"
Baruj Benacerraf
1980 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"
Paul Berg
1980 - Stanford Cancer Institute
"for fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant DNA"
George D. Snell
1980 - The Jackson Laboratory Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"
Daniel Nathans
1978 - Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University
"for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"
Hamilton O. Smith
1978 - Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University
"for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"
Baruch S. Blumberg
1976 - Fox Chase Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases"
David Baltimore
1975 - David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
"for the discovery concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell"
Howard M. Temin
1975 - UW Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center
"for the discovery concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell"
Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
1971 - Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning the mechanisms of the action of hormones"
Salvador Luria
1969 - David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
"for the discovery concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"
Charles B. Huggins
1966 - University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
"for his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer"
Severo Ochoa
1959 - Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University
"for the discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of RNA and DNA "
Arthur Kornberg
1959 - Stanford Cancer Institute
"For the discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid"
Frederick C. Robbins
1954 - Case Comprehensive Cancer Center at Case Western Reserve
"for the discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
Thomas H. Weller
1954 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for the discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
John F. Enders
1954 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for the discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis virus to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
Fritz A. Lipmann
1953 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for discovery of the co-enzyme A, and its importance for intermediary metabolism"
William P. Murphy
1934 - Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center
"for discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anemia"