Treatment Clinical Trials for Thyroid Cancer

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Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for thyroid cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 57
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  • NCI-MATCH: Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma

    This phase II trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1172 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Rare Tumors

    This clinical trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 724 locations

  • Inolitazone Dihydrochloride and Paclitaxel in Treating Patients with Advanced Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well inolitazone dihydrochloride (efatutazone dihydrochloride) and paclitaxel work in treating patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (advanced). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as efatutazone dihydrochloride and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
    Location: 230 locations

  • Cabozantinib-S-Malate in Treating Younger Patients with Recurrent, Refractory, or Newly Diagnosed Sarcomas, Wilms Tumor, or Other Rare Tumors

    This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib-s-malate works in treating younger patients with sarcomas, Wilms tumor, or other rare tumors that have come back, do not respond to therapy, or are newly diagnosed. Cabozantinib-s-malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for tumor growth and tumor blood vessel growth.
    Location: 83 locations

  • Basket Study of Entrectinib (RXDX-101) for the Treatment of Patients With Solid Tumors Harboring NTRK 1 / 2 / 3 (Trk A / B / C), ROS1, or ALK Gene Rearrangements (Fusions)

    This is an open-label, multicenter, global Phase 2 basket study of entrectinib (RXDX-101) for the treatment of patients with solid tumors that harbor an NTRK1 / 2 / 3, ROS1, or ALK gene fusion. Patients will be assigned to different baskets according to tumor type and gene fusion.
    Location: 25 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors (MK-3475-158 / KEYNOTE-158)

    In this study, participants with multiple types of advanced (unresectable and / or metastatic) solid tumors that have progressed on standard of care therapy will be treated with pembrolizumab.
    Location: 18 locations

  • Study of LOXO-101 (Larotrectinib) in Subjects With NTRK Fusion Positive Solid Tumors (NAVIGATE)

    Phase II, multi-center, open-label study of patients with advanced solid tumors harboring a fusion of NTRK1, NTRK2 or NTRK3.
    Location: 16 locations

  • Rovalpituzumab Tesirine in Delta-Like Protein 3-Expressing Advanced Solid Tumors

    To assess the safety and tolerability of rovalpituzumab tesirine in subjects with specific delta-like protein 3-expressing advanced solid tumors.
    Location: 16 locations

  • Sorafenib Tosylate with or without Everolimus in Treating Patients with Advanced, Radioactive Iodine Refractory Thyroid Cancer

    This randomized phase II trial studies the effects, good and bad, of using everolimus along with sorafenib tosylate versus sorafenib tosylate alone in treating patients with thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body or cannot be removed by surgery and has not responded to treatment with radioactive iodine. Sorafenib tosylate and everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. The addition of everolimus to sorafenib tosylate may cause more shrinkage of thyroid cancer and may prevent it from growing but it could also cause more side effects than sorafenib tosylate alone. It is not yet known whether this treatment with sorafenib tosylate and everolimus is better, the same, or worse than sorafenib tosylate alone.
    Location: 17 locations

  • Safety Study of Enoblituzumab (MGA271) in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Refractory Cancer

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of enoblituzumab (MGA271) in combination with Keytruda (pembrolizumab) when given to patients with B7-H3-expressing melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Urothelial Cancer and other B7-H3 expressing cancers. The study will also evaluate what is the highest dose of enoblituzumab that can be given safely when given with pembrolizumab. Assessments will also be done to see how the drug acts in the body (pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics) and to evaluate potential anti-tumor activity of MGA271 in combination with pembrolizumab.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Iodine I-131 with or without Selumetinib in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Thyroid Cancer

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well iodine I-131works with or without selumetinib in treating patients with thyroid cancer that has returned or has spread from where it started to other places in the body. Many thyroid cancers absorb iodine. Because of this, doctors often give radioactive iodine (iodine I-131) alone to treat thyroid cancer as part of standard practice. It is thought that the more thyroid tumors are able to absorb radioactive iodine, the more likely it is that the radioactive iodine will cause those tumors to shrink. Selumetinib may help radioactive iodine work better in patients whose tumors still absorb radioactive iodine. It is not yet known whether iodine I-131 is more effective with or without selumetinib in treating thyroid cancer.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Phase II Study of Tipifarnib in Squamous Head and Neck Cancer With HRAS Mutations

    Phase II study to investigate the antitumor activity in terms of ORR of tipifarnib in subjects with advanced tumors that carry HRAS mutations and for whom there is no standard curative therapy available.
    Location: 8 locations

  • A Phase 2 Trial of Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC)

    The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate objective response rate ([ORR]: complete response [CR] and partial response [PR]) by investigator review in participants with anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) treated with lenvatinib.
    Location: 10 locations

  • Efficacy and Safety of the Combination Therapy of Dabrafenib and Trametinib in Subjects With BRAF V600E- Mutated Rare Cancers

    This is a Phase II, open-label, non-randomized, multi-center study of oral Dabrafenib in combination with oral Trametinib in subjects with rare cancers including anaplastic thyroid cancer, biliary tract cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, non-seminomatous germ cell tumor / non-geminomatous germ cell tumor, hairy cell leukemia, World Health Organization (WHO) Grade 1 or 2 glioma, WHO Grade 3 or 4 (high-grade) glioma, multiple myeloma, and adenocarcinoma of the small intestine, with BRAF V600E positive-mutations. This study is designed to determine the overall response rate (ORR) of oral Dabrafenib in combination with oral Trametinib in subjects with rare BRAF V600E mutated cancers. Subjects will need to have a fresh or frozen tumor tissue sample provided to confirm the BRAF V600E mutation status. Only subjects with histologically confirmed advanced disease and no available standard treatment options will be eligible for enrollment. Subjects will undergo screening assessments within 14 days (up to 35 days for ophthalmology exam, echocardiogram or disease assessments) prior to the start of treatment to determine their eligibility for enrollment in the study.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Phase I / II Study of IMMU-132 in Patients With Epithelial Cancers

    The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of IMMU-132 as a single agent administered in 3-week treatment cycles for up to 8 cycles, in previously treated patients with advanced epithelial cancer.The secondary objectives are to obtain initial data concerning pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and efficacy with this dosing regimen. IMMU-132 targets the TROP-2 antigen which is expressed on a variety of cancers. The antibody, RS7, is attached to SN38, which is the active metabolite of irinotecan. This is planned as a multi-center study. In Phase II, up to 130 patients (assessable) in triple-negative breast cancer, up to 100 patients (assessable) in non-small cell and small-cell lung cancer and up to 50 patients (assessable) per other cancer types included in the protocol will be studied at the 10 mg / kg dose.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Phase 1 Study of LOXO-292 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, RET-Fusion Lung Cancer and Medullary Thyroid Cancer

    This is a Phase 1, open-label, first-in-human study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary anti-tumor activity of LOXO-292 administered orally to patients with advanced solid tumors, including RET-fusion non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and other tumors with increased RET activity.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Durvalumab, Tremelimumab, and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients with Metastatic Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

    This pilot phase I trial studies how well durvalumab works in combination with tremelimumab and stereotactic body radiation therapy in treating patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab and tremelimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Stereotactic body radiation therapy is a specialized radiation therapy that sends x-rays directly to the tumor using smaller doses over several days and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving durvalumab, tremelimumab, and stereotactic body radiation therapy may work best in treating patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer.
    Location: 6 locations

  • A Study to Determine Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Oral Dabrafenib In Children and Adolescent Subjects

    This is a 2-part, study to determine the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of oral dabrafenib in children and adolescent subjects with advanced BRAF V600 mutation-positive solid tumors. Part 1 (dose escalation study) will identify the recommended Part 2 (tumor-specific expansion study) dose and regimen using a dose-escalation procedure. Approximately 6 to 18 subjects will participate in Part 1 and will receive a starting dose of 3 mg / kg and dose will deescalate or escalate between 1.5 milligram (mg) / kilogram (kg) and 6 mg / kg. Up to 6 subjects will be enrolled at one dose level dependent upon the number of subjects at the current dose level, the number of subjects who have experienced a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) at the current dose level, and the number of subjects enrolled but with data pending at the current dose level. Escalation may proceed until either a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is established, or until the dose in which the median pharmacokinetic parameters consistent with exposure in adults are achieved. Cohorts may be added in order to evaluate additional dose levels. Part 2 consists of four disease-specific cohorts of subjects with tumors known to have BRAF V600 activation (pediatric low-grade gliomas, pediatric high-grade gliomas, Langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH], and other tumors such as melanoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma [PTC]). Each cohort will enroll at least 10 subjects with a pre-dose and at least 1 post-dose disease assessment. In both the parts of the study, on Day 1, a single first dose will be administered, and repeat dosing will begin on Day 2. PK sampling will be performed on Day 1 and Day 15 for subjects >=25 kg in weight. For subjects <25 kg and >=10 kg in weight, blood samples for PK analysis will be collected on Day 1 and Day 15. For subjects <10kg in weight, blood samples for PK analysis will be collected after repeated administration on Day 15 only. Safety and tolerability will be assessed throughout the study. Treatment with dabrafenib will be continued until disease progression or until no clinical benefit or development of an unacceptable toxicity, or until they withdraw consent or begin a new therapy. At the end of treatment, a final study visit will occur.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Bioequivalence & Food Effect Study in Patients With Solid Tumor or Hematologic Malignancies

    This is a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, randomized, 2-stage crossover study consisting of 2 phases: Stage I - Pharmacokinetics (Bioequivalence), with an Extension Stage II - Pharmacokinetics (Food Effect) with an Extension This study will enroll approximately 60 subjects in stage I and 60 subjects in stage II with hematologic or solid tumor malignancies, excluding gastrointestinal tumors and tumors that have originated or metastasized to the liver for which no standard treatment exists or have progressed or recurred following prior therapy. Subjects must not be eligible for therapy of higher curative potential where an alternative treatment has been shown to prolong survival in an analogous population. Approximately 23 sites in the US and 2 in Canada will participate in this study.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Phase 1 Study of PLX7486 as Single Agent in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

    The objective of this study is to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics, maximum tolerated dose / recommended Phase 2 dose, and efficacy of PLX7486.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Romidepsin in Treating Patients with Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Solid Tumors with Liver Dysfunction

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of romidepsin in treating patients with lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, or solid tumors with liver dysfunction. Romidepsin may stop the growth of cancer cells by entering the cancer cells and by blocking the activity of proteins that are important for the cancer’s growth and survival.
    Location: 13 locations

  • PEN-221 in Somatostatin Receptor 2 Expressing Advanced Cancers Including Neuroendocrine and Small Cell Lung Cancers

    Protocol PEN-221-001 is an open-label, multicenter Phase 1 / 2a study evaluating PEN-221 in patients with SSTR2 expressing advanced gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) or lung or thymus or other neuroendocrine tumors or small cell lung cancer or large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung.
    Location: 6 locations

  • A Study of PLX8394 as a Single Agent in Patients With Advanced Unresectable Solid Tumors

    The objective of this study is to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics, maximum tolerated dose / recommended Phase 2 dose, and efficacy of PLX8394.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Phase I / II Study of PDR001 in Patients With Advanced Malignancies

    The purpose of this "first-in-human" study of PDR001 is to characterize the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD) and antitumor activity of PDR001 administered i.v. as a single agent to adult patients with solid tumors. By blocking the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, PDR001 inhibits the PD-1 immune checkpoint, resulting in activation of an antitumor immune response by activating effector T-cells and inhibiting regulatory T-cells. This study has been designed as a phase I / II, multi-center, open-label study starting with a phase I dose escalation part followed by a phase II part. PDR001 will be administered every 2 weeks until patient experiences unacceptable toxicity, progressive disease per immune related Response Criteria (irRC) and / or treatment is discontinued at the discretion of the investigator or the patient.
    Location: 4 locations

  • Safety Study of Enoblituzumab (MGA271) in Combination With Ipilimumab in Refractory Cancer

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of enoblituzumab (MGA271) in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) when given to patients with B7-H3-expressing melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other B7-H3 expressing cancers. The study will also evaluate what is the best dose of enoblituzumab to use when given with ipilimumab. Assessments will also be done to see how the drug acts in the body (pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics) and to evaluate potential anti-tumor activity of enoblituzumab in combination with ipilimumab.
    Location: 6 locations


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