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Pembrolizumab Versus Placebo Following Surgery and Radiation in Participants With Locally Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (MK-3475-630 / KEYNOTE-630)

Trial Status: Active

This is a randomized, double-blind, study that compares pembrolizumab with placebo given as adjuvant therapy in participants with high-risk locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (LA cSCC) that have undergone surgery with curative intent in combination with radiotherapy. The primary hypothesis is that pembrolizumab is superior to placebo in increasing recurrence free survival (RFS).

Inclusion Criteria

  • Has histologically confirmed cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) as the primary site of malignancy (metastatic skin involvement from another primary cancer or from an unknown primary cancer is not permitted)
  • Has histologically confirmed LA cSCC with ≥1 high-risk feature(s) as the primary site of malignancy
  • Has undergone complete macroscopic resection of all known cSCC disease with or without microscopic positive margins. For those participants with residual microscopic positive margin involvement, confirmation that additional re-excision is not possible must be provided
  • Has completed adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for LA cSCC with last dose of RT ≥4 weeks and ≤16 weeks from randomization
  • Has completed at least 45 Gray (Gy) of adjuvant RT for LA cSCC prior to study entry
  • Is disease free as assessed by the investigator with complete radiographic staging assessment ≤28 days from randomization
  • Is not pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP)
  • Has a negative pregnancy test ≤72 hours before the first dose of study intervention
  • Has provided an archival or newly-obtained tumor tissue sample adequate for Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) testing as determined by central laboratory testing
  • Has a life expectancy of >3 months
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 ≤10 days prior to the first dose of study intervention

Exclusion Criteria

  • Has macroscopic residual cSCC after surgery and/or recurrence with active cSCC disease before randomization
  • Has any other histologic type of skin cancer other than invasive cSCC (eg, basal cell carcinoma) that has not been definitively treated with surgery or radiation; Bowen's disease; Merkel cell carcinoma; or melanoma
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death receptor 1(PD-1), anti- PD-L1, or anti-programmed cell death receptor ligand 2 (PD-L2) agent or with an agent directed to another co-stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA-4], OX-40, CD137)
  • Has received prior systemic anticancer therapy including investigational agents for cSCC ≤4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Has not recovered from all radiation-related toxicities and has not had radiation pneumonitis
  • Has received a live vaccine ≤30 days prior to the first dose of study intervention
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device ≤4 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (ie, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs)
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Has a known history of hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (HCV; defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study intervention
  • Has had an allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant

California

Duarte
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Palo Alto
Stanford Cancer Institute Palo Alto
Status: TEMPORARILY_CLOSED_TO_ACCRUAL
Sacramento
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

Colorado

Aurora
University of Colorado Hospital
Status: ACTIVE

Connecticut

New Haven
Yale University
Status: ACTIVE

Florida

Miami
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine-Sylvester Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

Georgia

Atlanta
Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute
Status: ADMINISTRATIVELY_COMPLETE

Indiana

Indianapolis
Indiana University / Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Status: CLOSED_TO_ACCRUAL
Contact: Seth Burns
Phone: 317-278-5238

Iowa

Iowa City
University of Iowa / Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

Kentucky

Lexington
University of Kentucky / Markey Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

Massachusetts

Boston
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Status: ACTIVE
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

New Jersey

Hackensack
Hackensack University Medical Center
Status: ACTIVE

Ohio

Cleveland
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

South Carolina

Charleston
Medical University of South Carolina
Status: ACTIVE

Tennessee

Nashville
Vanderbilt University / Ingram Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

Texas

Houston
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE

Utah

Salt Lake City
Huntsman Cancer Institute / University of Utah
Status: ACTIVE

Trial Phase Phase III

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
Merck and Company Inc

  • Primary ID 3475-630
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2019-01629, MK-3475-630, 2018-001974-76, KEYNOTE-630
  • Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03833167