A Study to Determine Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Oral Dabrafenib In Children and Adolescent Subjects
- Written informed consent - a signed informed consent and/or assent (as age appropriate) will be obtained according to institutional guidelines.
- Male or female >=12 months and <18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent form.
- Recurrent disease, refractory disease, or progressive disease after having received at least one standard therapy for their disease. Note: Subjects with metastatic (and surgically unresectable) melanoma can be enrolled for first-line treatment; Melanoma subjects with CNS involvement may be enrolled.
- At least one evaluable lesion.
- BRAF V600 mutation-positive tumor as confirmed in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-approved laboratory or equivalent (the local BRAF testing may be subject to subsequent verification by centralized testing; centralized testing can confirm V600E and V600K mutations only).
- Performance score of >=50% according to the Karnofsky/Lansky performance status scale (subjects with a performance status of <=50% can be enrolled if the subject's confinement to bed and inability to carry out activities is due solely to cancer-related pain, as assessed by the investigator).
- Females of child-bearing potential (with negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first dose of study medication) must be willing to practice acceptable methods of birth control .
- Sexually active males, who do not agree to abstinence, must be willing to use a condom during intercourse while taking the study drug, and for 16 weeks after stopping treatment and should not father a child in this period.
- Must have adequate organ function as defined by the following values: Adequate bone marrow function defined as-absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1000/ microliter (µL), hemoglobin >=8.0 grams (g)/ deciliter (dL) (may receive red blood cell transfusions), platelets >=75,000/µL (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment).
- Adequate renal and metabolic function defined as: calculated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (Schwartz formula), or radioisotope GFR >=90 milliliters/minutes (mL/min)/1.73 meter square (m^2); or a serum creatinine within the institutional reference range upper limit of normal (for age/gender, if available).
- Adequate liver function defined as: bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) <=1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) <=2.5 x ULN; AST/ALT may be <5 x ULN at baseline if disease under treatment involves the liver (requires radiographic confirmation of liver involvement).
- Adequate cardiac function defined as: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of either >=50% by ECHO or greater than institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by echocardiogram (ECHO) (while not receiving medications for cardiac function), corrected QT using Bazett's (QTcB) interval <450 milliseconds (msecs).
- Part 2 ONLY: Previous treatment with dabrafenib, another RAF inhibitor, or a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitor (exception: prior treatment with sorafenib is permitted).
- Malignancy OTHER than the BRAF mutant malignancy under study.
- Had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks (or 6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment.
- The subject has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 28 days or 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is warranted by the data).
- History of another malignancy. Exception: (a) Subjects who have been successfully treated and are disease-free for 3 years, (b) a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer, (c) successfully treated in situ carcinoma, (d) CLL in stable remission are eligible.
- Current use of a prohibited medication or herbal preparation or requires any of these medications during the study.
- Unresolved toxicity greater than National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v4.0 Grade 2 or higher from previous anti-cancer therapy, including major surgery except those that in the opinion of the investigator are not clinically relevant given the known safety/toxicity profile of dabrafenib (e.g., alopecia and/or peripheral neuropathy related to platinum or vinca alkaloid based chemotherapy).
- Has leukaemia.
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to dabrafenib and its excipients.
- Autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant within 3 months prior to enrolment [NOTE: subjects with evidence of active graph versus host disease are excluded].
- History of myocardial infarction, severe or unstable angina, peripheral vascular disease or familial QTc prolongation.
- Subjects with abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>=grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (NOTE: subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study).
- Subjects with moderate valvular thickening.
- Known, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias (except sinus arrhythmia) within the past 24 weeks
- Uncontrolled medical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver disease or uncontrolled infection), psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol; or unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol.
- Presence of active GI disease or other condition (e.g., small bowel or large bowel resection) that will interfere significantly with the absorption of drugs.
- Hepatitis B Virus, or Hepatitis C Virus infection (subjects with laboratory evidence of Hepatitis B Virus clearance may be enrolled).
- Pregnant females as determined by positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test at screening or prior to dosing.
- Lactating females who are actively breast feeding.
Trial Phase Phase I
Trial Type Treatment
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
- Primary ID 116013
- Secondary IDs NCI-2013-00631, 2012-001499-12, CDRB436A2102
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT01677741