Irinotecan Hydrochloride and Temozolomide with Temsirolimus or Dinutuximab in Treating Younger Patients with Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma
Basic Trial Information
|Phase II||Biomarker/Laboratory analysis, Treatment||Temporarily closed||Children||ANBL1221|
NCI-2012-03125, CDR0000745188, COG-ANBL1221, PANBL1221_A08PAMDREVW01, NCT01767194
This randomized phase II trial studies how well irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide with temsirolimus or dinutuximab work in treating younger patients with neuroblastoma that has returned or does not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as dinutuximab, may find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether giving irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide together with temsirolimus or dinutuximab is more effective in treating neuroblastoma.
Further Study Information
I. To identify whether temsirolimus or ch14.18 (dinutuximab) is the optimal therapeutic agent to consider for further testing in a future Phase III randomized trial for treatment of newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma.
II. To determine the response rate of patients with relapsed, refractory or progressive neuroblastoma following treatment with irinotecan, temozolomide and ch14.18 (dinutuximab) and to compare this with the known response rate of patients treated with irinotecan and temozolomide alone.
I. To compare the response rates (RR) for patients receiving temsirolimus or ch14.18 (dinutuximab) in combination with irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride) and temozolomide.
II. To compare the progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates for patients receiving temsirolimus or ch14.18 (dinutuximab) in combination with irinotecan and temozolomide.
III. To compare the toxicities associated with temsirolimus or ch14.18 (dinutuximab) when combined with irinotecan and temozolomide in patients with refractory, relapsed or progressive neuroblastoma.
IV. To compare the ability to maintain intended dose intensity of all agents when temsirolimus or ch14.18 (dinutuximab) is combined with irinotecan and temozolomide in patients with refractory, relapsed or progressive neuroblastoma.
V. To determine the concordance between tumor responses as defined by standard International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) versus response per the revised INRC.
VI. To study the clinical relevance of naturally occurring anti-glycan antibodies in patients receiving ch14.18 (dinutuximab) antibody.
VII. To study the clinical relevance of natural killer (NK) receptor natural cytotoxicity triggering receptor 3 (NKp30) isoforms in patients receiving ch14.18 (dinutuximab) antibody or temsirolimus.
VIII. To study the association between host factors and response to irinotecan, temozolomide and ch14.18 (dinutuximab).
IX. To characterize the tumor immune-microenvironment (gene expression; immune effector cells, activities and signaling molecules; immune target expression) following treatment with irinotecan, temozolomide and ch14.18 (dinutuximab).
X. To study the association between changes in the tumor immune-microenvironment (gene expression; immune effector cells, activities and signaling molecules; immune target expression) with response following treatment with irinotecan, temozolomide and ch14.18 (dinutuximab).
XI. To study the association between tumor genomic and transcriptomic aberrations as well as levels of circulating ganglioside (GD2) with response to irinotecan, temozolomide and ch14.18 (dinutuximab).
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I (CLOSED TO ACCRUAL 06/17/2016): Patients receive temozolomide orally (PO) on days 1-5, irinotecan hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on days 1-5, and temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8.
ARM II: Patients receive temozolomide PO on days 1-5, irinotecan hydrochloride over 90 minutes on days 1-5, dinutuximab IV over 10-20 hours on days 2-5, and sargramostim subcutaneously (SC) or IV over 2 hours on days 6-12.
In both arms, treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 17 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.
Patients must have had histologic verification of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma or demonstration of neuroblastoma cells in the bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN]), at the time of initial diagnosis
For the purposes of this study, aggressive multidrug chemotherapy is defined as chemotherapy including 2 or more agents that must include an alkylating agent and a platinum-containing compound; patients must have ONE of the following:
First episode of recurrent disease following completion of aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy
First episode of progressive disease during aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy
Primary resistant/refractory disease (less than partial response by INRC) detected at the conclusion of at least 4 cycles of aggressive multidrug induction chemotherapy on or according to a high-risk neuroblastoma protocol (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, etc.)
Patients must have at least ONE of the following:
Measurable tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan obtained within 3 weeks prior to study entry; measurable is defined as >= 10 mm in at least one dimension on spiral/helical CT that is metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) avid or demonstrates increased fludeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) scan
MIBG scan obtained within 3 weeks prior to study entry with positive uptake at a minimum of one site; this site must represent disease recurrence after completion of therapy, progressive disease on therapy, or refractory disease during induction
Patients with resistant/refractory soft tissue disease that is not MIBG avid or does not demonstrate increased FDG uptake on PET scan must undergo biopsy to document the presence of viable neuroblastoma; biopsy is not required for patients who have new site of soft tissue disease (radiographic evidence of disease progression) regardless of whether progression occurs while receiving therapy or after completion of therapy
Note: Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x ULN) only or bone marrow disease only are NOT eligible for this study
Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
Patients must have received frontline therapy (including surgery, chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplant [SCT] +/- MIBG, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, and retinoids) but may NOT have received second line chemotherapy for resistant/refractory, relapsed disease or progressive disease
At least 14 days must have elapsed since completion of myelosuppressive therapy
At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a non-myelosuppressive biologic agent or retinoid
No interim time prior to study entry is required following prior radiation therapy (RT) for non-target lesions; however, patients must not have received radiation for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to study entry at the site of any lesion that will be identified as a target lesion to measure tumor response; lesions that have been previously radiated cannot be used as target lesions unless there is radiographic evidence of progression at the site following radiation or a biopsy done following radiation shows viable neuroblastoma; palliative radiation is allowed to sites that will not be used to measure response during this study
Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after autologous stem cell transplants or stem cell infusions as long as hematologic and other eligibility criteria have been met
Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after therapeutic 131I-MIBG provided that all other eligibility criteria are met
Subjects who have previously received anti-GD2 monoclonal antibodies for biologic therapy or for tumor imaging are eligible unless they have had progressive disease while receiving prior anti-GD2 therapy; subjects who have received autologous marrow infusions or autologous stem cell infusions that were purged using monoclonal antibody linked to beads, but no other form of anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody, are eligible
Patients must not have received long-acting myeloid growth factors (e.g., Neulasta) within 14 days of entry on this study; seven days must have elapsed since administration of a short acting myeloid growth factor
Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL
Platelet count >= 75,000/uL (transfusion independent)
Patients known to have bone marrow involvement with neuroblastoma are eligible provided that minimum ANC and platelet count criteria are met but are not evaluable for hematological toxicity
Creatinine clearance or estimated radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or
A serum creatinine =< upper limit of normal (ULN) based on age/gender as follows:
Age 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 for males, 0.4 for females
Age 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 for males, 0.5 for females
Age 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 for males, 0.6 for females
Age 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 for males, 0.8 for females
Age 6 to < 10 years: 1 for males, 1 for females
Age 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 for males, 1.2 for females
Age 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 for males, 1.4 for females
Age >= 16 years: 1.7 for males, 1.4 for females
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN for age AND
Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5.0 x ULN for age (=< 225 U/L); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
Adequate central nervous system function defined as:
Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) disease must have no clinical or radiological evidence of CNS disease at the time of study enrollment
Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anticonvulsants
CNS toxicity =< grade 2
Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram (ECHO) OR
Ejection fraction >= 50% by ECHO or gated radionuclide study
Adequate coagulation defined as:
Prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.2 x upper limit of normal
Adequate pulmonary function defined as:
No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, no chronic oxygen requirement, and room air pulse oximetry > 94% if there is a clinical indication for pulse oximetry; normal pulmonary function tests in patients who are capable of cooperating with testing (including diffusion capacity of the lung of carbon monoxide [DLCO]) are required if there is a clinical indication for determination; for patients who do not have respiratory symptoms, full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required
Men and women of childbearing potential and their partners must agree to use adequate contraception while enrolled on this study; based on the established teratogenic potential of alkylating agents, pregnant women will be excluded from this study; female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breastfeeding or will otherwise be excluded from this study; females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test to be eligible for this study
Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x ULN) only or bone marrow disease only are NOT eligible for this study
Patients must have been off pharmacologic doses of systemic steroids for at least 7 days prior to enrollment; patients who require or are likely to require pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids while receiving treatment on this study are ineligible; the only exception is for patients known to require 2 mg/kg or less of hydrocortisone (or an equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) as premedication for blood product administration in order to avoid allergic transfusion reactions; the use of conventional doses of inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma is permitted, as is the use of physiologic doses of steroids for patients with known adrenal insufficiency
Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid, or carbamazepine for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants such as gabapentin or levetiracetam will be eligible
Patients must not have been diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome or with any malignancy other than neuroblastoma
Patients with symptoms of congestive heart failure are not eligible
Patients must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea
Patients must not have uncontrolled infection
Patients with a history of grade 4 allergic reactions to anti-GD2 antibodies or reactions that required discontinuation of the anti-GD2 therapy are not eligible
Patients with a significant intercurrent illness (any ongoing serious medical problem unrelated to cancer or its treatment) that is not covered by the detailed exclusion criteria and that is expected to interfere with the action of study agents or to significantly increase the severity of the toxicities experienced from study treatment are not eligible
Trial Contact Information
Trial Lead Organizations / Sponsors / Collaborators
National Cancer Institute
- National Cancer Institute
Nevada Cancer Research Foundation CCOP
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT01767194
Note: Information about participating sites on pharmaceutical industry trials may be incomplete. Please visit the ClinicalTrials.gov record via the link above for more information about participating sites.