Cancer Risk - Cancer Currents Blog
News about research on factors that affect cancer risk, including inherited genetic mutations, smoking/tobacco use, obesity, and infectious agents like HPV.
- Could a Vaccine Prevent Colorectal Cancer in People with Lynch Syndrome?
Findings from an NCI-funded study suggest a new vaccine approach may have the potential to prevent colorectal cancer in people with Lynch syndrome, an inherited condition that increases an individual's risk for developing certain types of cancer.
- Studying “Total Diet” and Its Impact on Health, Including Cancer Risk
Researchers are shifting how they assess diet and cancer risk, looking beyond the impact of individual foods or nutrients on health, and taking a more holistic approach, considering dietary patterns across the lifespan.
- Vaping Pods Produce High Nicotine Levels in Young Users
Adolescents who use pod-style e-cigarettes had higher levels of nicotine in their bodies than is typically found in adolescents who smoke conventional cigarettes, a new study has found. The study's findings are concerning for several reasons.
- Liquid Biopsy May Predict Risk of Breast Cancer Returning Years Later
Using a liquid biopsy to test for tumor cells circulating in blood, researchers found that, in women with breast cancer, the presence of these cells could identify women at risk of their cancer returning years later.
- Easing Concerns about Giving Research Study Participants Their Genetic Test Results
Do cancer study participants want to receive their genetic test results? A recent study involving women with a history of breast cancer tested an approach for returning genetic research results and evaluated the impact those results had on the women.
- Molecular Switch Links High-Fat Diet to Prostate Cancer Metastasis
A new study in mice has revealed a molecular link between a high-fat diet and the growth and spread of prostate cancer. The findings, the study leaders believe, raise the possibility that changes in diet could potentially improve treatment outcomes in some men.
- Incidence of Cancers of the Lower Stomach Increasing among Younger Americans
A type of cancer that occurs in the lower stomach has been increasing among some Americans under the age of 50, even though in the general population the incidence of all stomach cancers has been declining for decades, according to a new study.
- Study Identifies Crucial Characteristic of High-Risk HPV
By comparing the genomes of women infected with a high-risk type of human papillomavirus (HPV), researchers have found that a precise DNA sequence of a viral gene is associated with cervical cancer.
- Large Study Verifies Cancer Risk for Women Carrying BRCA1 or BRCA2 Mutations
Results from the first large prospective study of breast and ovarian cancer risk in women with inherited mutations in the BRCA 1 or BRCA2 genes confirm the high risks estimated from earlier, retrospective studies.
- Shifts Seen in Tobacco Product Types Purchased in US
The consumption of cigarettes, small cigars, and chewing tobacco has declined over the past 15 years, according to a new study. These declines were partially offset by a rise in consumption of large cigars, pipe tobacco, and snuff.
- The Global Economic Burden of Tobacco: An Interview with Dr. Mark Parascandola
NCI’s Dr. Mark Parascandola answers questions about The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control, the latest in a series of monographs on tobacco use and tobacco control, which was co-written with the World Health Organization.
- Adolescents Who Wouldn’t Have Smoked May Be Drawn to E-Cigarettes
The findings from a recent study suggest that adolescents are not just using e-cigarettes as a substitute for conventional cigarettes but that e-cigarettes are attracting new users to tobacco products.
- Inherited Mutations in DNA-Repair Genes Found in Advanced Prostate Cancers
Researchers estimate that nearly 12% of men with advanced prostate cancer have inherited mutations in genes that play a role in repairing damaged DNA.
- Setting the Stage for the Next Decade of Tobacco Control Research
A new report from an NCI working group lays out recommended priorities to help shape the institute’s future tobacco control research portfolio.
- Improving Public Health through Increased Tobacco Regulation
NCI’s Dr. Robert Croyle discusses the Food and Drug Administration’s release of a rule that extends its regulatory authority over tobacco products to include cigars, e-cigarettes, hookah (waterpipe) tobacco.
- BRCA Testing Rates High in Young Women with Breast Cancer
Testing for genetic mutations strongly associated with an increased risk of breast cancer has risen dramatically among women younger than age 40 who are diagnosed with the disease, according to a new study.
- Mouse Study Points to Mechanism Linking Obesity and Colorectal Cancer Risk
A missing hormone in obese mice may help explain a longstanding association between obesity and an increased risk of colorectal cancer in humans.
- New Research: Using Lung Cancer Screening As An Opportunity to Help Smokers Quit
NCI has released a new funding announcement to stimulate research on optimal smoking cessation approaches delivered in conjunction with lung cancer screening.
- NCI Launches Competition to Spur Research on Breast Cancer Genomics, Disease Risk
Last month, NCI launched a competition to spur research in an area of great public health interest: the genomic basis of breast cancer and breast cancer risk.
- Smoking’s Disease Burden: Worse than Previously Thought?
According to a new study, smoking may be responsible for far more deaths each year than previously thought.
- Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Plummets, but Disparities Persist
Second-hand smoke exposure has fallen by 50 percent since 1999, a new study finds, but millions are still routinely exposed to secondhand smoke.
- Bacterial Biofilms Provide Clues into Colorectal Cancer Risk
A new study suggests that dense bacterial communities called biofilms may promote the development of some colorectal cancers.
- Report Offers Comprehensive Look at Global Smokeless Tobacco Use
The first report of its kind finds that more than 300 million people worldwide use smokeless tobacco products and that they are linked to a number of cancers.