NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,290 terms related to cancer and medicine.
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- radiation therapy
- listen (RAY-dee-AY-shun THAYR-uh-pee)
The use of
high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons,
protons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink
tumors. Radiation may come from a machine outside the body
(external-beam radiation therapy), or it may come from
radioactive material placed in the body near cancer cells
(internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy). Systemic
radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance,
such as a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody, that travels in
the blood to tissues throughout the body. Also called irradiation and radiotherapy.