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NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms



colon  listen  (KOH-lun)

  The longest part of the large intestine, which is a tube-like organ connected to the small intestine at one end and the anus at the other. The colon removes water and some nutrients and electrolytes from partially digested food. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves through the colon to the rectum and leaves the body through the anus.

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Gastrointestinal (digestive) system anatomy; shows esophagus, liver, stomach, colon, small intestine, rectum, and anus.
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Parts of the colon; drawing shows the ascending colon, cecum, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum.