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NCI Drug Dictionary

NCI Drug Dictionary

  

epirubicin hydrochloride  Patient Information
The hydrochloride salt of the 4'-epi-isomer of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic doxorubicin. Epirubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. This agent also produces toxic free-radical intermediates and interacts with cell membrane lipids causing lipid peroxidation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonyms:4'-epiadriamycin
4'-epidoxorubicin
4'-epi-doxorubicin HCl
epi-ADR
epidoxorubicin
pidorubicin
US brand name:Ellence
Foreign brand name:Pharmorubicin PFS
Abbreviations:4'-epi DX
EPI
epi DX
Code name:IMI-28
Chemical structures:(8S-cis)-10-((3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-beta-L-arabino-hexopyranosyl)oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-5,12-naphthacenedione hydrochloride
(8S-cis)-10-[(-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-arabino-hexpyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxacetyl)-1-methoxy-5,12-naphthacenedione hydrochloride
3-glycoloyl-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydro-3,5,12-trihydroxy-10-methoxy-6,11-dioxo-1-naphthacenyl-3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-arabino-hexopyranoside hydrochloride