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A synthetic nucleoside, analog of didehydro-3-deoxythymidine with potent antiretroviral activity. In vivo, stavudine is phosphorylated by cellular kinases to the active metabolite stavudine triphosphate; this metabolite inhibits the activity of HIV reverse transcriptase both by competing with the natural substrate deoxythymidine triphosphate and by incorporation into viral DNA causing a termination of DNA chain elongation (due to the lack the essential 3'-OH group). Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
|US brand name:||Zerit|
|Chemical structures:||1-(2,3-dideoxy-beta-glycero-pent-2-enofuranosyl)thymine |