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NCI Drug Dictionary

NCI Drug Dictionary

  

glutamine 
A nonessential amino acid. Glutamine can donate the ammonia on its side chain to the formation of urea (for eventual excretion by the kidneys) and to purines (necessary for the synthesis of nucleic acids). Glutamic acid-to-glutamine conversion, in which an ammonia group is added to glutamic acid (catalyzed by glutamine synthase), is of central importance in the regulation of toxic levels of ammonia in the body. This agent is a substrate for the production of both excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters (glutamate and GABA) and is also an important source of energy for the nervous system. Glutamine may become a conditionally essential amino acid during certain catabolic states. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonyms:2-aminoglutaramic acid
glutamic acid 5-amide
levoglutamide
L-glutamine
Q. Levoglutamide
US brand name:NutreStore
Foreign brand names:Glutacerebro
Glutaven
Memoril
Abbreviation:Gln