NCI Drug Dictionary
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A beta dimethyl analog of the amino acid cysteine. As a degradation product of penicillin antibiotics, penicillamine chelates with heavy metals and increases their urinary excretion. Possessing antineoplastic properties, penicillamine induces apoptosis by a p53-mediated mechanism and inhibits angiogenesis by chelating with copper, a cofactor for angiogenesis. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
|US brand names:||Cuprenil |
|Foreign brand names:||Atamir |
|Chemical structures:||3-mercapto-D-valine |