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NCI Drug Dictionary

  

interleukin-12 gene 
The DNA sequence that encodes the protein cytokine interleukin-12 (IL-12). When introduced as the complementary DNA (cDNA) form into tumor cells by, for example, a genetically engineered adenovirus vector, the transfected IL-12 cDNA expresses IL-12 which activates antitumoral natural killer (NK) cells and CD8+ T-cells and stimulates the secretion of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), potentially inhibiting tumor cell metastasis. This gene therapy may also result in IL-12-mediated inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and enhancement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonyms:plasmid DNA encoding human interleukin-12
plasmid IL-12
Abbreviations:IL-12 gene
pIL-12